Situations similar to actual clinical scenarios were designed to investigate the correlation between S1 amplitude and cardiac output when inotropic agents
and beta blockers were used.
Unlike other positive inotropic agents
that increase intracellular cAMP, levosimendan is not associated with an increased incidence of arrhythmia leading to cardiovascular mortality.
Key words: Levosimendan, heart failure, positive inotropic agents
, clinical trials
The dependent variable was presence or absence of dipper phenomena, and independent variables were age, cardiopulmonary bypass time, postoperative inotropic agent
need, low cardiac output syndrome, malignant ventricular arrhythmia, postoperative IABP need, postoperative myocardial infarction, gender, and smoking.
Treatment methods: The control group was given continuous low flow oxygen inhalation and inotropic agents
, and their cardiac stress was also reduced.
The presence and the severity of cardiac failure may require preoperative management with inotropic agents
Pimobendan is a phosphodiesterase III inhibitor and calcium channel sensitizer causing a inodilating effect, at reduced myocardial oxygen consumption energy expenditure when compared to other positive inotropic agents
as indicated by Fuentes, 2004 and Atkinson et al.
and broad-spectrum antibiotics were administered under the situation of severe sepsis.
While being on mechanical ventilation, he was given antibiotics, anticonvulsants, inotropic agents
, oxygen supplementation, albumin infusion and other supportive management.
Temporary therapeutic measures include rapid fluid infusion, administration of positive inotropic agents
, and pericardiocentesis.
10] Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II scores,  the presence of bowel sounds and co-administration of sedatives and inotropic agents
were documented on enrolment.
pylori infection (amoxicillin, clarithromycin, azithromycin, metronidazole, tetracyclines, levofloxacin), h) corticosteroids (prednisolone, and others), i) lipid-lowering drugs (statins, fibrates, ezetimibe, cholestyramine), j) other anti-ulcer medications (sucralfate, bismuth, antacids, H2 blockers), k) Disease modifying anti rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) (methotrexate, and others), l) nitrates, m) inotropic agents
(digoxin, metildigoxin), n) bisphosphonates, and o) antithyroid /thyroid hormone medications (methimazole, propylthiouracil, levotiroxin) (15,16).