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, enquiry
an investigation, esp a formal one conducted into a matter of public concern by a body constituted for that purpose by a government, local authority, or other organization
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



one of the forms of the investigation of crimes. As distinct from the preliminary investigation, inquiry is conducted not by an investigator but by an agency of inquiry and has certain procedural characteristics.

In socialist states inquiry is regulated in detail by laws of procedure.

In the USSR there are different kinds of inquiries: (1) inquiry in cases for which a preliminary investigation is obligatory and (2) inquiry in cases in which such investigation is not obligatory (as a rule, for crimes relatively uncomplicated as far as investigation is concerned). In the first instance, inquiry consists only in the initiation of a criminal case and the conducting of urgent investigative actions to establish and preserve traces of the crime (view, search, seizure, examination, and the detention and interrogation of suspects, victims, and witnesses). After these actions have been performed or, in any event, after ten days, the agency of inquiry must transfer the case to an investigator. From this moment on, the agency of inquiry may conduct investigative and search actions in connection with the case only on the instruction of the investigator (operative-search measures to ascertain the criminal are also carried out on the initiative of the agency of inquiry itself).

In the second instance, inquiry consists in the initiation of criminal cases and in the taking of all measures provided by law for establishing the circumstances of the criminal case that are to be proved, that is, the inquiry consists in a complete investigation of the crime. In this instance inquiry replaces preliminary investigation, and its materials form the basis for consideration of the case in court. In contrast to the preliminary investigation, the defense counsel does not participate in presenting to the accused the materials of the case in this form of inquiry. The inquiry materials are not presented to the victim, the civil plaintiff, the civil defendant, or their representatives.

In the USSR, inquiry is conducted by agencies of the militia, by commanders of military units and military formations, by heads of military institutions, by agencies of state security, by heads of correctional labor institutions, by agencies of state fire inspection and protection, by naval captains on long voyages, and by heads of polar stations during periods when there are no transportation connections with the station (Code of Criminal Procedure of the RSFSR, art. 117).

In the majority of bourgeois states, police inquiry is almost never regulated by law.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(computer science)
A request for the retrieval of a particular item or set of items from storage.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
'If the officer in-charge of police station was not willing to register an FIR, the SDPO Shahzad Town should have used powers vested in him under section 551 of Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) to get the case registered,' the inquiry report states, adding that 'thus, this court recommends that a major penalty shall be imposed on Mr Abid Hussain, then deputy superintendent of police'.
Moreover, different officials and officers have been exonerated warned in the light of recommendations of inquiry committees / officers in fact finding inquiries.
'The competent authority after due examination of facts of the case and findings of the inquiry committee, concludes that the charges levelled against the accused officers could not be proved.'
An inquiry against Jahangir Siddiquir was also approved.
Meanwhile, reports from an IICSA hearing on July 29 show that solicitor David Enright, of Howe & Co, told the inquiry that "the human cost of excluding the Stanhope Castle survivors would be incalculable".
Mrs May told MPs last week that she wanted the inquiry - which is without a chairman following the resignation of two previous appointees - to be given extra powers.
We, the undersigned African civil society organizations, welcome the decision of the African Union Peace and Security Council (AUPSC) to establish a commission of inquiry to investigate human rights violations and other abuses committed by all sides during the armed conflict in South Sudan.
A recent inquiry into the financial system by the Australian government has led bankers to believe that this would result in substantial reforms.
| LONDON, March 4 (KUNA) -- A long-awaited inquiry into claims that British troops murdered and tortured civilians during the Iraq War was starting Monday, legal officials said.
Crown Point, IN, November 16, 2012 --( Diana Jadin of Omega Marketing Group, a full service media agency located in Crown Point, Indiana announced today the continuing expansion of several services including media co-ops, per inquiry media and call center product training with the release of a how to book on per inquiry advertising.
Hey, Texplainer: What is a court of inquiry and when is it used?