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Related to institution: Social institution


1. Christian Church the appointment or admission of an incumbent to an ecclesiastical office or pastoral charge
2. Christian theol the creation of a sacrament by Christ, esp the Eucharist


an established order comprising rule-bound and standardized behaviour patterns. The term is widely acknowledged to be used in a variety of ways, and hence often ambiguously. SOCIAL INSTITUTION refers to arrangements involving large numbers of people whose behaviour is guided by NORMS and ROLES. In functionalist theory (see FUNCTIONALISM), the concept of institution is linked to that of FUNCTIONAL PREREQUISITES OR FUNCTIONAL IMPERATIVES. MALINOWSKI lists seven social institutions which meet biological and social-psychological NEEDs. GOFFMAN uses the term TOTAL INSTITUTION to refer to bureaucratically organized establishments (see BUREAUCRACY) in which the inmates have little possibility of escape from the norms and roles of the administrative structure. INSTITUTIONALIZATION refers to the process whereby the norms and roles expected in various social settings are developed and learned. Although this often involves an OVERSOCIALIZED CONCEPTION OF MAN, researchers influenced by PHENOMENOLOGICAL SOCIOLOGY stress the creative and adaptive aspects of social life.



an organization established to carry out a particular kind of activity. The USSR has both state and public institutions, governed by charter or statute and, as a rule, enjoying the rights of a body corporate. State institutions include ministries, as well as organizations that perform functions not associated with material production, such as schools, hospitals, theaters, and libraries.

References in periodicals archive ?
The unit should be an independent establishment operated by the institution or by a joint venture in which the institution is a partner (some countries require foreign providers to partner with a local organization) in the name of the foreign institution.
In fact path dependency theory to me looks suspiciously like what historians automatically do when they analyze any given current institution or action--they look at its historical routs to see how these institutions or actions developed from their beginnings to their current state.
An e-mail directs the financial institution to a secure web interface to view and resolve each suspect transaction.
The agencies recognize that the needs and situation of each financial institution and its community and customers are unique.
No other employment, scholarship, financial aid or other remuneration is permitted by my institution without written graduate office approval in advance.
How can artists who have become art-historical institutions themselves claim to critique the institution of art?
The most difficult thing for an institution to do is to survive its own success.
An unavoidable incidental contact made with a prospect by representatives of the institution's athletics interests, provided the contact is not prearranged by the representative or an athletics department staff member, does not take place on the grounds of the prospect's educational institution or at the sites of organized competition and practice involving the prospect or the prospect's team (i.
Nonetheless--and this appears as an illustrative example of unnecessary duplication--each institution publishes a separate "Summary Proceedings.
William Rainey Harper had espoused AAUP-like principles fifteen years before the organization's establishment, and sought to make the University of Chicago a non-sectarian institution where scholars worked without external interferences and where truth was determined by a pure struggle of opinion among experts.
The work unit or danwei, had for decades been the most important institution in urban China.
Given limited financial resources, it will not be possible for every institution to offer every subject (nor do they attempt to do so at present).

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