Kolodny argues this is due to the principle of instrumental rationality
, according to which if one intends an end one is committed to intending the necessary means to it.
The "homo economicus" hypothesis assumes that human behaviours are motivated by instrumental rationality
The modern stream is greatly influenced by the Frankfurt School, which denounced the consequences of massive industrialization, totalitarianism, capitalism and instrumental rationality
, while proposing alternatives and questioning dogmas (Alvesson and Willmott 1996):
argue that technical, instrumental rationality
underestimates cultural factors.
Betts produces ten critiques of the very possibility of this sort of instrumental rationality
After emergence of the participatory processes people did not have a significant role in decision-making process, and beginning of the supportive and justice plans in line with participation of the deprived groups and it has applied instrumental rationality
and in practice, participation was occurred mostly in a form of representative participation.
Ross-Smith and Kornberger contend that, according to Weber, the increasing bureaucratization of the modern world and the triumph of instrumental rationality
are inevitable (conflict between formal and substantive rationality are inevitable).
With regard to Social Sciences, namely those exploring the realm of educational issues, we witness a sharp polarization between, on one extreme pole, the advocates of a purely instrumental rationality
-who are likely to plead for a model of efficiency-oriented instructional practices- and, on the opposite pole, those who believe that educational practice, being almost equivalent to an art, is first and foremost determined by purposes, and therefore can hardly be modelled by any instrumental rationality
Ways in which education professionals might approach the subject are broken down into three broad categories: instrumental rationality
, communicative rationality, and the rationality of power.
Significant blame, justified in many respects, is placed on Hobbes's rejection of the classical conception of polity and the evolution of science towards an increasingly narrow-minded and instrumental rationality
146) irritated the instrumental rationality
of Ford's industrial English.
On the one side there is a quantity of instincts, desires and urges and on the other side the instrumental rationality
that acts through a set of rules in the institutionalized system in order to exercise power over man's needs as legitimated by the instrumental reason.