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see Dewey, JohnDewey, John,
1859–1952, American philosopher and educator, b. Burlington, Vt., grad. Univ. of Vermont, 1879, Ph.D. Johns Hopkins, 1884. He taught at the universities of Minnesota (1888–89), Michigan (1884–88, 1889–94), and Chicago (1894–1904) and at
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the subjective idealist doctrine of the American philosopher John Dewey and his followers, a variety of pragmatism.

In the instrumentalist view, consciousness (or intelligence, in Dewey’s terms) is a means of adaptation to changing environmental conditions: logical concepts, ideas, and scientific laws and theories are all simply instruments (hence the name “instrumen-talism”), tools, “keys to situations,” or “plans for action.” In thus rejecting the objective content of knowledge and the view that truth is a reflection of material reality, instrumentalism regards truth in purely functional respects as something that “assures success in a given situation.” Taking the concept “situation” as central, instrumentalism singles out the organism (for example, an animal, a human being, or a society) and the environment as the chief aspects of a situation and declares the central problem to be the analysis of the relations between them. Insofar as the instrumentalist point of view regards environmental features as derivative from the actions of the organism, the organism appears as something primary, a view that makes it possible to characterize instrumentalism as one of the many varieties of subjective idealism.

The leading instrumentalists (Dewey, S. Hook) are active opponents of socialism and of Marxist-Leninist theory.


References in periodicals archive ?
Through a comparison, Friedman's methodological stance is interpreted as a case of causal inadequacy hence instrumentalism. This methodological comparison is independent of any historical speculation, it is thus applicable regardless one gives credit to the historical account.
In addition to the primary lesson of the value of instrumentalism, the book offers two additional lessons.
The Student Anti-intellectualism Survey (SAIS) is a 25 item questionnaire that measures the attitudes of unreflective instrumentalism (the preference of practicality over theory), attitudes towards college professors, and a general interest in doing college coursework (Eigenberger & Sealander, 2001).
I will now move to discuss in more detail Harel's critique of constitutional instrumentalism within the context of constitutionalism and judicial review.
Substitution is a manifestation of technology instrumentalism, which is the widespread notion that technology is a neutral and subservient means for achieving our aims: technology is viewed as an instrument that supports our actions and that liberates us from burdens by making available a multitude of goods like heat, light, water, food, information, etc., with less effort.
As an interest-based approach, instrumentalism means here that a perpetrator state's behavior is shaped by calculations of national interests.
Social Efficiency and Instrumentalism in Education is a bold and engaging book, opening up much fertile ground for future work.
Curaming urges scholars of Malayness to be more sensitive to power relations, elisions of history, instrumentalism, naturalisation, and hegemony that have excluded Filipinos from the discourse about Melayu.
Historical social and public purposes of the university are being abandoned for a new focus on knowledge transmission, instrumentalism, and corporatism.
Applying Paul Brass's theory of Instrumentalism, this article examines the dynamics of the nationalist movement in Catalonia.
What was seen as the dominance of economic logics was accompanied by social instrumentalism, which sought to use arts policy to address a variety of social-policy issues from crime to unemployment.
We argue that the conception of private law as government regulation in Snyder arises from a combination of (1) the doctrinal tools that judges use in First Amendment cases, (2) the unitary nature of the state-action doctrine, and (3) the influence of instrumentalism, specifically in obscuring the plaintiffs agency and the state interest in redress, and in privileging a particular view of compensation.