This Note addresses the confusion in the courts with respect to when a legally separate corporate entity should be considered an agency or instrumentality
of a foreign state and discusses the inequitable effects that result from the broad presumption of immunity afforded to qualified corporate entities.
The following papers prompt reflections on both the instrumentality
that is integral to machinery, and on the instrumentalities wrought prior and subsequent to its manufacture, during conception, design, use, or later on display.
More than seven years in the making, the issue first came to light in 2004 when the IRS issued a private letter ruling that stated that a FCU was not an eligible employer under Section 457 of the IRC because it was a federal government instrumentality
An important question that arises from these studies, however, is whether the motivation that students derive from these instrumentality
beliefs is actually adaptive.
Montrose Global Capital, MGC Leasing Inc and Bank of America were accused as failing to "use reasonable care in the entrustment, sale and disposition of this deadly instrumentality
so as not to entrust and sell this deadly instrumentality
o an unsuitable, unfit or irresponsible use".
In this case, the uneasiness derives from a fundamental uncertainty about which of the two faces of science, natural philosophy or instrumentality
, represents its true character.
[section] 2425, which prohibits the use of "any facility or means of interstate or foreign commerce," to transmit contact information regarding a person under the age of 16 years with the intent of that person engaging in illegal sexual activity, could constitutionally be applied to intrastate phone calls, because the law at issue related to an instrumentality
The court held, inter alia, that in order to demonstrate intent, for purposes of proving that an employer has committed an intentional tort against an employee, the employee must demonstrate: (1) knowledge by the employer of the existence of a dangerous process, procedure, instrumentality
or condition within its business operation; (2) knowledge by the employer that if the employee is subjected to such dangerous process, procedure, instrumentality
, condition, that harm to the employee will be a substantial certainty; and (3) that the employer, under such circumstances, did act to require the employee to continue to perform the dangerous task.
This link between performance and anticipated outcome is what Vroom called Instrumentality
INTERNATIONAL LAW--CORE CHARACTERISTICS TEST DETERMINES "AGENCY OR INSTRUMENTALITY
" STATUS FOR TAKINGS EXCEPTION TO FOREIGN SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY ACT--Garb v.
To study how people weigh information when judging their own and others' masculinity-femininity (M-F), the author asked 170 male and 205 female participants to rate themselves and their best friends on M-F, instrumentality
, expressiveness, and gender-typed hobby preferences.
This study explores the relationship between the Hofstede cultural dimensions (as a predictor of values) and Vroom's expectancy theory (valence, expectancy, instrumentality
) for the purpose of determining whether Hofstede's instrument can be used to predict an individual's motivation potential in a given organizational environment.