Insult

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Insult

 

under Soviet criminal law, the intentional lowering of a person’s honor and dignity, expressed in unseemly form. The insult may be given orally, in writing, by gestures, or by actions, and it may be given either publicly, in the presence of the victim, or not in his presence (in which case the insult is recognized as a crime only if the accused wanted his insulting statements to become known to the victim or knowingly permitted them to become known). Insult is punishable by corrective labor for a term not exceeding six months, by a fine of up to 50 rubles, by compelling the guilty person to rectify the harm done, or by public censure. If the act was of a minor nature, measures of social pressure may be applied, including turning the case over to a comrades’ court. Greater liability has been established for an insult in print or an insult committed by a person previously found guilty of insult (if the record of conviction has not been canceled). A criminal case involving insult is initiated only on the complaint of the victim (private accusation) and may be terminated if the parties make peace before the court retires to render judgment.

Soviet criminal law provides for increased liability for insulting a representative of the government or a representative of the public who is fulfilling duties for the protection of public order, a militiaman, or a people’s guard (for example, arts. 192 and 1921 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Press, 2002], 176) points out that in the Maliki school, which was known as the toughest on insulting the Prophet, a minority of qadis offered insulters of the Prophet the opportunity to repent.
Included in the numerous insults hurled at participants in the HLI conference was one which had more application to the insulters than to the insulted: the accusation of "fascism." In a discussion of the Morgentaler abortion decision of 1988, a decision which left Canada without any abortion law at all, the late George Grant wrote that the judgment could be seen as comic and farcical if it did not concern the slaughter of the young.
It is among nations as among individuals: imputed indigence provokes oppression and scorn; but that same indigence being risen to opulence, receives a politic consideration even from its former insulters (p.
"Muslims are required to identify the goods and products made in the US to impose a ban on them in a bid to hit an economic blow at the insulters," Mansouri underscored.
As the bus monitor at times shed tears, studied the suburban scenery out the window, attempted to stare down her insulters, or talked hesitantly with them, the kids - seemingly led by a nice-looking but particularly foul-mouthed boy - kept the bullying going.
Such insults will only disgrace the insulters and stabilize position of our top religious figures," said Hojjatoleslam Sediqi, while referring to tearing apart of the picture of the founder of the Islamic Republic the late Imam Khomeini on December 7 by a group of rioters.