intaglio

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intaglio

(ĭntăl`yō, –täl`–), design cut into stone or other material or etched or engraved in a metal plate, producing a concave, instead of a convex, effect. It is the reverse of a relief or cameocameo
, small relief carving, usually on striated precious or semiprecious stones or on shell. The design, often a portrait head, is commonly cut in the light-colored vein, and the dark one is left as the background.
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. The term also designates a gem so cut. Seals and signet rings usually bear intaglio designs, so that when stamped upon wax or other plastic substance the impression is in relief. See engravingengraving,
in its broadest sense, the art of cutting lines in metal, wood, or other material either for decoration or for reproduction through printing. In its narrowest sense, it is an intaglio printing process in which the lines are cut in a metal plate with a graver, or burin.
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; etchingetching,
the art of engraving with acid on metal; also the print taken from the metal plate so engraved. In hard-ground etching the plate, usually of copper or zinc, is given a thin coating or ground of acid-resistant resin.
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; printingprinting,
means of producing reproductions of written material or images in multiple copies. There are four traditional types of printing: relief printing (with which this article is mainly concerned), intaglio, lithography, and screen process printing.
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Intaglio

Incised carving in which the forms are hollowed out of the surface; the relief in reverse, often used as a mold.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Intaglio

 

a cut stone or gem, with a sunken design. Intaglios were used mainly as seals. They originated in the ancient East in the fourth millennium B.C. and were widespread in classical antiquity.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

intaglio

[in′tal·yō]
(lapidary)
A type of carved gemstone in which the figure is engraved on the surface of the stone rather than left in relief by cutting away the background, as in a cameo.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

intaglio

1. Incised engraving, as opposed to carving in relief.
2. The work producing such an object.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

intaglio

1. the art or process of incised carving
2. a design, figure, or ornamentation carved, engraved, or etched into the surface of the material used
3. any of various printing techniques using an etched or engraved plate. The whole plate is smeared with ink, the surface wiped clean, and the ink in the recesses then transferred to the paper or other material
4. an incised die used to make a design in relief
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005