intelligence quotient


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intelligence quotient

a measure of the intelligence of an individual derived from results obtained from specially designed tests. The quotient is traditionally derived by dividing an individual's mental age by his chronological age and multiplying the result by 100

intelligence quotient (IQ)

a unit used in the field of INTELLIGENCE measurement and testing as an index of an individual's intelligence relative to a comparable population with respect to age. A ratio IQ is the IQ expressed as a ratio of mental age (as measured by a test) to chronological age, and multiplied by 100 to avoid decimals:

The average child at any one chronological age will therefore score 100 on the appropriate set of IQ test items. This was the original IQ measure first used in 1916 in the Stanford-Binet Test.

Modern tests make use of standard scores, which express the individual's distance from the mean in terms of the standard deviation, and assume a normal distribution. In a variant of this, the deviation IQ, the mean is 100 and a standard deviation of 15 or 16 is usual.

It is important to note the difference between these measures, since the deviation IQ is not a ratio of mental age to chronological age, and the measured IQs derived from it will depend on the standard deviation used in the test. see also INTELLIGENCE TEST.

intelligence quotient

[in′tel·ə·jəns ‚kwōsh·ənt]
(psychology)
The numerical designation for intelligence expressed as a ratio of an individual's performance on a standardized test to the average performance according to age. Abbreviated IQ.
References in periodicals archive ?
Now, TalentSmart has developed an online assessment and program that will help you learn more about your emotional intelligence quotient and provides strategies for improving each of the four emotional intelligence (EQ) skills.
On receipt of a referral from the child's school, an educational psychologist assesses the child and arrives at an Intelligence Quotient or IQ score derived most commonly from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC III).
Results: Childhood intelligence quotient (IQ) did not differ significantly by category of food supplement use (i.
I'd have presumed that Dr Summers is like one of those Victorian dons who thinks a girl's Beauty Quotient is supposed to be twice her Intelligence Quotient.
I'm not talking about IQ, the notorious intelligence quotient.
Alfred Binet's intelligence quotient quiz was used to keep dim-wits out of schools but has developed into a general system to test intelligence all over the world.
Study conclusions have been mixed, with one retrospective study conducted in the United States concluding that women with untreated thyroid disease had offspring with intelligence quotient scores an average 7 points lower than others in the study (N.
While the whole world is racing towards better technology and a better cinema sense, we in Tamil Nadu are satisfied to use just enough of our intelligence to satisfy the lowest intelligence quotient.
They examined the subjects' socioeconomic status, education, intelligence quotient (IQ), personality, psychiatric symptoms, and health-related behaviors, including alcohol consumption.
An ambitious project by the BBC is giving people across South Wales the chance to find out their IQ or Intelligence Quotient in a special evening's viewing.
An intelligence quotient of 140 and above, first proposed by Terman in 1925, was the accepted definition for giftedness for many years (Milgram, 1991).
311) has described to you, we gave objective tests in the field of health habits, health knowledge and health attitudes, and we secured data concerning the intelligence quotient of pupils as recorded by the school.

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