intelligent database


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intelligent database

[in′tel·ə·jənt ′dad·ə‚bās]
(computer science)
A database that can respond to queries in a high-level, interactive language.
A database that can store validation criteria with each item of data, so that all programs entering or updating the data must conform to these criteria.

intelligent database

(database)
A database management system which performs data validation and processing traditionally done by application programs. Most DBMSs provide some data validation, e.g. rejecting invalid dates or alphabetic data entered into money fields, but often most processing is done by application programs. There is however no limit to the amount of processing that can be done by an intelligent database as long as the process is a standard function for that data.

Examples of techniques used to implement intelligent databases are constraints, triggers and stored procedures.

Moving processing to the database aids data integrity because it is guaranteed to be consistent across all uses of the data. Mainframe databases have increasingly become more intelligent and personal computer database systems are rapidly following.

intelligent database

A database that contains knowledge about the content of its data. For example, a set of validation criteria can be stored with each field of data, such as the minimum and maximum values that can be entered or a list of all possible entries. Some intelligent databases can include rules that can be applied to incoming and outgoing data. The more the database is aware of its content, the more effectively it can respond to complex user queries. See DBMS.
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Agribiz.net also provided an intelligent database solution that could be modified simply and in a timely fashion.
This requires an ultra-light system that implements intelligent database operations, maintains multiple cache copies for scalability and high-availability, and remains synchronized with the corporate database when the cached data changes.
The explosive growth in our capabilities to collect and store data over the past decades has given rise to a new field of study, called knowledge discovery in databases, that is concerned with the creation of a new generation of tools and techniques for automated and intelligent database analysis.

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