Values in first two columns of Table 1 correspond to PANI/MMT intercalate exposed to the pressure 28 MPa for 20 min (in the first column) and for 17 min (in the second column).
The relatively sharp 001 profile in comparison with other PANI/clay intercalates (see for example (Kulhankova et al.
This peak is absent in case of clay-KOH intercalate.
The DTA curves of clay-NaOH and clay- KOH intercalate preheated at 750 o C are provided in Figs.
Summary: The paper is focused on the influence of some inorganic modifiers on the thermal stability of the clay-inorganic intercalates.
Lattice exclusion remains the central lesson of these experiments: the graphite hexagonal planes continue to exclude the intercalate and struggle to remain "pristine" even at the cost of exfoliation.
The pressure anticipated by Zollner  is produced when the intercalate atoms increasingly populate the region between two adjacent hydrogen layers.
X-ray powder diffraction patterns of intercalates were obtained using diffractometer INEL equipped with the curved position-sensitive detector.
Table 1 Considered host minerals, guests intercalates and reaction times for each mixture Host Mass Guest Mass Heating [g] [g] time [hrs] VER-L 0.