Intercostal nerve preservation could be performed by intracostal suture, or intercostal muscle
flap techniques in order to decrease pain during thoracotomy.
Activation of the inspiratory intercostal muscles
by electrical stimulation of the spinal cord.
Altogether, the present results do not seem to be caused by a systemic effect on either blood flow or arterial oxygenation, but rather a local mechanism in intercostal muscle
leading to decreased local muscle deoxygenation triggering a respiratory metaboreflex.
Colour Doppler study of right lumbar region showed a vascular malformation with dilated capillaries in dermis, subcutis and extending up to intercostal muscles
Flintoff's intercostal muscle
injury received three weeks ago is only halfway through the normal recovery period, and he insists he will not rush back to bowl at out until he is ready.
It gave off the small branches which arose on average 18 mm from the origin point, supplied the first external intercostal muscle
. The mean length of the vascular pedicle of serratus anterior branch which harvested from origin point through the junction of the slips 5 and 6 was 15.3 cm; the mean diameter at the level of the junction of slips 5 and 6 was 1.1 mm.
Infection of the brainstem and high cervical spinal cord may cause diaphragmatic and intercostal muscle
paralysis with resulting respiratory failure and sometimes death.
But pain wasn't the only problem after damaging her intercostal muscle
- the muscles that run between the ribs.
The tear in his intercostal muscle
, debilitating for a fast bowler, is likely to rule him out for six weeks.
But with a diagnosis of only a side strain - Anderson confirmed the injury is not an intercostal muscle
and added that it "didn't look too serious" when assessed yesterday - he hopes to be good to go for the fifth Test beginning on August 20.
The right third parasternal intercostal muscle
was placed in saline-moistened gauze and chilled for 3-5 min [25-26], mounted with pins at resting length , and then embedded in mounting medium (Tissue-Tek[R] Compound, Sakura Finetek; Torrance, California) and quick-frozen with liquid nitrogen-chilled isopentane.
South Africa team manager Dr Mohammed Moosajee said: "Dale complained of some discomfort during the warm-up match against Pakistan on Monday and, because of the sensitive nature of the affected area, he was subsequently taken for an MRI scan which revealed mild swelling in a left intercostal muscle
, in the region of the 11th and 12th rib.