Through critical equivalent circuit model (ECM) for LIB from a relevant literature , the impedance was composed of ohmic resistance ([R.sub.o]), solid electrolyte interface resistance
([R.sub.SEI]), charge transfer resistance ([R.sub.ct]), and diffusion resistance ([R.sub.f]).
These effects combine to produce a rapid decrease in electrical interface resistance
as the contacts are brought together and result in a much lower interface resistance
than mechanical force alone would provide.
In the gas tightness test, the electrical interface resistance
between the compliant pins and their hole walls was measured for selected pin connections before and after storage in an environment saturated with aggressive gases.
The epoxy shows a large semicircle signifying that it acts as a resistor with a low frequency interface resistance
of about 400 kOhm at 28 kHz.
In addition, they have very low interface resistance
with metals: 10,000 times below that of the best organic polymers.
They do exhibit greater interface resistance
between mated contacts ...
With this high conductivity, these metal TIMs offer the lowest thermal interface resistance
, enabling design of higher power and smaller electronic devices.
The interface resistance
will increase as the connectors are mated and de-mated, as well as increase as the lead material oxidizes.
These products offer similar advantages by having the cooling tube system directly fabricated and integrated within the composite for reduced thermal interface resistance
* The interface resistance
between the DUT and the heat sink applied to the face of the device.
The thermal conductivity of a carbon nanotube is very high, but carbon nanotube heat sinks are not satisfactory, probably because of interface resistances
. Huang et al.
and the source-gate and drain-gate interface resistances
are given by