Alcohol ethoxylate is effective in lowering the interfacial energy
associated with oil and water.
where [[gamma].sub.COC/MWCNT], and [[gamma].sub.COC/EOC] are the interfacial energy
between MWCNTs/COC, MWCNTs/EOC, and COC/EOC, respectively.
Murty, "On the prediction of solid-liquid interfacial energy
of glass forming liquids from homogeneous nucleation theory," Materials Science and Engineering: A Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing, vol.
Guan, "Tube ceramic waste regeneration of concrete and interfacial energy
," Journal of Zhengzhou University, vol.
The VORA Zzz polymeric additive delays the activity of the catalysts used in the polyurethane foaming process, such that it controls (1) the timing of reaction and viscosity development such that a very wide-open cell structure is achieved; and (2) interfacial energy
of the polyurethane such that it manipulates the foam strut surface to be extremely hydrophilic and thus moisture-wicking.
In the case of the lotus leaf, when the size of the nano-structure is so small that Van de Waals force can be negligible, the surface tension dominates based upon the Laplace equation (Quere 2005), [DELTA]p = 2[gamma]/R, which illustrates the pressure difference between the liquid and air ([gamma] represents the interfacial energy
between liquid and air, R is the water curvature) as shown in Figure 5.
More so, wetting of a liquid on a solid is determined by the relative energies of the liquid-vapour surface tension, the solid-liquid interfacial energy
, and the solid-vapour interfacial energy
, as presented by Young's Equation .
The interfacial energy
barrier between emitting layers is critical to the driving voltage of WOLEDs.
It is presumed that multiple nucleation of the ordered phase in a particle and a low interfacial energy
between variant domains are responsible for the formation of such ordered domains.
The interlamellar spacing (D), which is a balance between the elastic stretching energy and the interfacial energy
contributions [2, 6], is in accordance with
In the measurement, interfacial cracks are induced during the 3PB test, and the interfacial energy
release rate is calculated from the released energy per unit crack surface area during crack extension under the fixed displacement conditions.