is also a common fracture mode observed for both tempered martensite embrittlement in plain carbon steels and temper embrittlement in alloy steels in the presence of phosphorus.
Wild, "A microstructural study of P segregation and intergranular fracture
in neutron irradiated submerged-arc weld," in Effects of Radiation on Materials: 17th International Symposium, ASTM STP 1270, pp.
Thus, the predominance of tensile ratcheting in the crack propagation phase highlighted two failure modes: time-dependent intergranular fracture
and stress-dependent ductile rupture.
was observed only in areas with relatively high amounts of ferrite (Figure 4(b)).
Fractographic studies were performed to determine the maximum portion of brittle intergranular fracture
([eta]) in the fracture surfaces of Charpy specimens after impact tests, which correlates with the level of phosphorus concentration in grain boundaries of the material.
[5.] H N G Wadley, C B Scruby and G Shrimpton, Quantitative acoustic emission source characterisation during low temperature cleavage and intergranular fracture
, Acta Metallurgica, Vol.
Glaessgen, "Molecular-dynamics simulation-based cohesive zone representation of intergranular fracture
processes in aluminum," Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, vol.
Fatigue striations, broken crystals (caused due to granular and intergranular fracture
), failure facets, differently sized and shaped dimples are observed.
The micromorphology in RZ shown in Figure 11(c) illustrates a similar intergranular fracture
condition with Fe314.
Zhang, "In situ observation of intergranular fracture
propagation in nanocrystalline freestanding ultrathin tungsten film," Materials Letters, vol.
"Quench Embrittlement: Intergranular Fracture
Due to Cementite and Phosphorus in Quenched Carbon and Alloy".