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data

[′dad·ə, ′dād·ə, or ′däd·ə]
(computer science)
General term for numbers, letters, symbols, and analog quantities that serve as input for computer processing.
Any representations of characters or analog quantities to which meaning, if not information, may be assigned.
(science and technology)
Numerical or qualitative values derived from scientific experiments.

data

(data, data processing, jargon)
/day't*/ (Or "raw data") Numbers, characters, images, or other method of recording, in a form which can be assessed by a human or (especially) input into a computer, stored and processed there, or transmitted on some digital channel. Computers nearly always represent data in binary.

Data on its own has no meaning, only when interpreted by some kind of data processing system does it take on meaning and become information.

For example, the binary data 01110101 might represent the integer 117 or the ASCII lower case U character or the blue component of a pixel in some video. Which of these it represents is determined by the way it is processed (added, printed, displayed, etc.). Even these numbers, characters or pixels however are still not really information until their context is known, e.g. my bank balance is ?117, there are two Us in "vacuum", you have blue eyes.

data

(1) Technically, raw facts and figures, such as orders and payments, which are processed into information, such as balance due and quantity on hand. However, in common usage, the terms "data" and "information" are used synonymously. In addition, the term data is really the plural of "datum," which is one item of data. But datum is rarely used, and data is used as both singular and plural in practice.

The amount of data versus information kept in the computer is a tradeoff. Data can be processed into different forms of information, but it takes time to sort and sum transactions. Up-to-date information can provide instant answers.

A common misconception is that software is also data. Software is executed, or run, by the computer. Data are "processed." Thus, software causes the computer to process data.

(2) Any form of information whether on paper or in electronic form. Data may refer to any electronic file no matter what the format: database data, text, images, audio and video. Everything read and written by the computer can be considered data except for instructions in a program that are executed (software).

(3) May refer only to data stored in a database in contrast with text in a word processing document.
References in periodicals archive ?
These interim data are important as they build on the study results observed with Opdivo monotherapy in these patients and show the potential of an Immuno-Oncology combination in this advanced type of colorectal cancer for which there is a significant unmet need.
Oliviero, President and Chief Executive Officer of Checkpoint, said, "During the second quarter, we continued to advance our lead clinical programs toward key interim data readouts expected in the second half of 2019.
It also analysed interim data from an ongoing safety extension study in Europe, an open-label, 'roll-over' trial in which patients from the phase three trial have continued treatment with the investigational adrenal drug.
It will include interim data which aims to establish the safety, pharmacokinetics and efficacy (SVR12) of different combination regimens consisting of three directly acting antiviral agents (DAAs), simeprevir, odalasvir, an HCV NS5A inhibitor, and AL-335, a nucleotide inhibitor of the HCV NS5B polymerase, for the treatment of GT 1 HCV infection in eight weeks or less.
NORDIC BUSINESS REPORT-May 20, 2011--Swedish Medivir announces positive interim data for hepatitis C drug(C)2011 M2 COMMUNICATIONS http://www.m2.com
In addition, we expect interim data from our open-label ENDYMION trial with OV935 (soticlestat) for individuals with rare developmental and epileptic encephalopathies to be available later this quarter.
We are committed to supporting Kite with great customer service and high quality products and look forward to the interim data readout from Kite's first clinical trial later this year."
Recently, Axelar reported positive interim data from the first part of the ongoing phase I/II study in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), Karolinska Development said today.
"Today's positive interim data show, for the first time in patients, clinical and biomarker responses that support our core scientific hypothesis and our vision of developing effective, oral, safe, and affordable medicines for people with major chronic diseases and cancer.
M2 PHARMA-June 20, 2018-argenx reports interim data from first cohort of Phase 2 proof-of-concept efgartigimod trial
M2 EQUITYBITES-June 20, 2018-argenx reports interim data from first cohort of Phase 2 proof-of-concept efgartigimod trial
In the second quarter of 2011, the company is due to present 48-week interim data from another phase IIb trial, dubbed Aspire, in treatment-experienced patients.

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