intermediate technology


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intermediate technology

production techniques which avoid the NEW TECHNOLOGY and capital-intensive nature of Western production systems, but are an improvement on indigenous methods. The use of intermediate technology is increasingly proposed as APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY for some THIRD WORLD countries (see also UNDERDEVELOPMENT) which lack the infrastructure to adopt advanced technology satisfactorily and may not benefit economically or socially from export-oriented capitalist production (see also DEPENDENCY THEORY, DEPENDENT INDUSTRIALIZATION, NEOCOLONIALISM, UNEQUAL EXCHANGE. GREEN REVOLUTION).

Following E. F. Schumacher's (1973) prescription that ‘small is beautiful’, local schemes for irrigation, conservation, organic farming, etc., using indigenous skills and locally available resources, have been encouraged, enabling the population to exert more control over their lives. Such schemes are also proposed as ‘ecologically friendly’, avoiding the ENVIRONMENTAL DEPLETION that may result from inappropriate enterprise, and as providing a preferred basis for long-term development. (Such development is increasingly proposed as ecologically appropriate for more ‘advanced’ societies.) See also ETHNOSCIENCES, MULTI-CULTURALISM, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.

References in periodicals archive ?
Table 5 again focuses on the intermediate technology.
This complexity is particularly true for those who want to upgrade to an intermediate technology.
This adds an educational dimension to the project, for it represents rather well the contemporary need to establish a balance between sophisticated but energy-intensive high technology and sustainable but labour-intensive intermediate technology.
Choice of aircraft was crucial in several cases: turboprops, for example, proved to be a poor intermediate technology between propeller-driven and jet aircraft.
Of these proposals, 100 of the most important inventions, including the prize winners and honorable mentions, are described succinctly in One Hundred Innovations for Development, a new book published by the London-based Intermediate Technology Development Group.
In actual fact it turns out that recycling rubber has a great many advantages, as researched by the Intermediate Technology Development Group (www.
PRACTICAL ACTION (FORMERLY INTERMEDIATE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT GROUP) (PA (FORMERLY ITDG))
PRACTICAL ACTION, originally known as Intermediate Technology, was set up in 1966 by the British economist Ernst Friedrich Schumacher.
In 1966, when George McRobie and Fritz Schumacher instigated the formation of the Intermediate Technology Development Group, they wrote in its very first Bulletin about the plight of the would-be purchasers of a simple tool: "There used to be a bit of equipment you could buy for 20 [pounds sterling] to do a particular job.
Implemented by a local NGO, the Intermediate Technology Development Group (ITDG), the training programme aims to reduce carbon-dioxide emissions by encouraging the use of energy-efficient stoves made from local materials, Around 250 people will receive training and be encouraged to set up micro-enterprises to sell stoves to others in the community.
Make out a standing order for Intermediate Technology
The Ministry is also working with several development agencies, a miners' association and the UK-based Intermediate Technology group to help build a mining centre which provides training and advice.

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