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internal

1. Politics of or involving a nation's domestic as opposed to foreign affairs
2. Education denoting assessment by examiners who are employed at the candidate's place of study
3. situated within, affecting, or relating to the inside of the body
4. a medical examination of the vagina, uterus, or rectum
References in periodicals archive ?
(17) They reported a retrospective series of 52 patients who underwent ARIF with percutaneous internal fixation, with or without adjunctive external fixation.
There were 27 tibial plateau fractures of Schatzker type V (41.53%) and 38 were of type VI (58.4%) treated by open reduction and internal fixation. The mechanism of injury was motor vehicle accident in 53 patients, pedestrian struck by vehicle in eight, falling from height in three, and history of assault in one case (Table 1).
Since August 1999 to the present, we have been using the technique of sternal rescue-open reduction and rigid internal fixation (ORIF) to correct postoperative mediastinitis following median sternotomy.
* Internal fixation with a screw is one of the good options for stress fracture of the scaphoid.
Eight patients (3 females and 5 males) with Mason type II isolated radial head fractures (Figure 1) aged between 15 and 65 years (average 39 years) underwent open reduction and internal fixation with the pre bend K-wires within 3-5 days of injury.
Biotech International selected PEEK-OPTIMA for the development of three internal fixation devices for use in the hand, knee, and ankle.
"Internal fixation should strongly be considered for displaced fractures, and when pediatric elbow fractures are treated nonoperatively, close follow-up is necessary," he said.
Diagnosed with left hip fracture with "open reduction and internal fixation" (ORIF), pneumonia, obstructive sleep apnea, and extremely limited active range of motion in both shoulders because of rotator cuff tears, he was unable to bathe, dress, or groom himself, and required help with transfers and toileting.
He then applied a plate as an internal fixation device to add stability to the fracture.
The physician who performed the patient's preoperative examination had treated her previously for an ankle injury, which resulted in the implantation of internal fixation hardware.
Based on the type of fracture, there are various methods of treatment ranging from conservative, external fixation and open reduction internal fixation. Our study includes Schatzker's type 5 and 6 proximal tibial fractures treated by open reduction and internal fixation by proximal tibial lateral locking plate.
Objective: To evaluate and compare the treatment outcomes of isolated mandibular angle fractures managed by open reduction and internal fixation using intra oral and extra oral approaches.