In addition, internality
was negatively correlated with externality (rs=-.
P6a: Given Motivation and Opportunity, higher levels of the personality variable Internality
of Control lead to increased perceptions of Ability and higher MOA for Primary Controlling behaviors in the purchase process.
They argued that an internal locus of control contributes to the 'managerial discretion or latitude of managerial action' of CEOs, because internality
is associated with higher levels of concern, involvement and vitality in general (Boone et al.
The two groups did not differ significantly in terms of internality
, although those in the high wage category were somewhat higher on this dimension (2.
In addition, these elements can be categorized by their levels of stability, internality
, and control (Frieze & Snyder, 1980).
On the Singer and Small definition of internality
this produces some important exclusions, Wars which they regard as being between a country and dependent territories, such as those in Angola, Mozambique, and Eritrea prior to formal independence, are classified by Singer and Small not as civil wars but as a sub-category of international wars termed 'extra-systemic'.
Earlier factor analyses of the dimensions of this questionnaire indicated that the controllability scale subsumes both the constructs of controllability and internality
(Kent & Martinko, 1995).
was associated with high job satisfaction (Archer, 1979; Peck and Whitlow, 1975) and superior mental and physical health, once again replicated in the Kirkcaldy et al.
In particular, the causes that each person selects to attribute his/her successes or failures are supposedly most of the time the same, as far as the causal dimensions of internality
, stability and globality are concerned.
For instance, of twelve objections levelled against Collingwood, quibbles over his views concerning the initial inchoateness of the emotions an artist expresses, or whether good actresses need have `the ability to weep real tears', take up as much space as discussion of his far more significant and influential claims about the distinction between art and craft, and the essential internality
of the artwork--neither of which receive anything but the most cursory treatment.
It forces us, indeed, to visualize it, but only from the position of a radical internality
and belief in chance were not significant factors; therefore, they were excluded in the current study.