international date line

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Related to international date line: Time zones

international date line,

imaginary line on the earth's surface, generally following the 180° meridian of longitudelongitude
, angular distance on the earth's surface measured along any latitude line such as the equator east or west of the prime meridian. A meridian of longitude is an imaginary line on the earth's surface from pole to pole; two opposite meridians form a great circle dividing
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, where, by international agreement, travelers change dates. Traveling eastward across the line, one subtracts one calendar day; traveling westward, one adds a day. The date line is necessary to avoid a confusion that would otherwise result. For example, if an airplane were to travel westward with the sun, 24 hr would elapse as it circled the globe, but it would still be the same day for those in the airplane while it would be one day later for those on the ground below them. The same problem would arise if two travelers journeyed in opposite directions to a point on the opposite side of the earth, 180° of longitude distant. The eastward traveler would set his clock ahead 1 hr for each 15° of longitude (see standard timestandard time,
civil time used within a given time zone. The earth is divided into 24 time zones, each of which is about 15° of longitude wide and corresponds to one hour of time. Within a zone all civil clocks are set to the same local solar time.
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), so that his clock would gain a total of 12 hr; the westward traveler would set his clock back 1 hr for each 15°, resulting in a total loss of 12 hr. The two clocks would therefore differ by 24 hr, or one calendar day. The apparent paradox is resolved by requiring that the traveler crossing the date line change his date, thus bringing the travelers into agreement when they meet. The international date line does not follow the 180° meridian along its entire course but bends eastward around the eastern tip of Siberia, westward around the Aleutian Islands, and eastward again around various island groups in the South Pacific (mostly extremely around Kiribati) to avoid a date change within island nations and territories or between important trade partners.

date line, international:

see international date lineinternational date line,
imaginary line on the earth's surface, generally following the 180° meridian of longitude, where, by international agreement, travelers change dates.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

international date line

[¦in·tər¦nash·ən·əl ′dāt ‚līn]
A jagged arbitrary line, roughly equal to the 180° meridian, where a date change occurs: if the line is crossed from east to west a day is skipped, if from west to east the same day is repeated.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

international date line

international date line
The Greenwich antimeridian, or 180° longitude. The international date line, however, does not follow the Greenwich antimeridian exactly but is distorted to place inhabited areas definitely on one side or the other of the line to avoid a difference in date in an inhabited area. Also called a calendar line or a date line.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

International Date Line

the line approximately following the 180? meridian from Greenwich on the east side of which the date is one day earlier than on the west
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
AO: Covers 48 million square miles of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, from the International Date Line to the waters east of Africa, and from the Kuril Islands in the north to the Antarctic in the south, including 39 coastal nations.
The third part focuses on the difficult concept of The International Date Line, the meridian opposite Greenwich's, and its implementation.
The trip to Tokelau involved a stop in Samoa, which sits on the edge of the International Date Line. Fiji, its neighbor to the west, lies on the other side of the Date Line and the one hour flight connecting the two, can depart Fiji on Tuesday evening and arrive in Apia, Samoa's capital on early on Tuesday morning, a bit reminiscent of Groundhog Day.
On the opposite side of the Earth at 180 degrees is the International Date Line (IDL).
Which Pacific country is the first to see the sun each day, being nearest the International Date Line?
A weak and waning El Nino, such as the one currently lingering around the international date line in the Pacific Ocean, usually means a coolerthan-normal summer for large parts of the Midwest and South.
The Reservists traveled for 22 days as they chased time zones, then crossed the international date line on their way to Hawaii and the continental United States.
On the opposite side of the Earth at 180 degrees is the International Date Line. By starting at the North Pole and following these two lines to the South Pole, the Earth is once again divided into halves.
The term 'typhoon' refers to such cyclones occurring in the Pacific west of the International Date Line and north of the Equator.
Interestingly for this reviewer, there is a tacit bond here with Umberto Eco's novel, The Island of the Day Before, set as it is in the mid-seventeenth century and involving the politics of the French court, but whose action revolves around the quest for the international date line. This quest is prosecuted under the assumption that to control the meridian would be to control time.

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