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(i18n, globalisation, enabling, software enabling) The process and philosophy of making software portable to other locales.

For successful localisation, products must be technically and culturally neutral. Effective internationalisation reduces the time and resources required for localisation, improving time-to-market abroad and allowing simultaneous shipment. In orther words, internationalisation abstracts out local details, localisation specifies those details for a particular locale.

Technically this may include allowing double-byte character sets such as unicode or Japanese, local numbering, date and currency formats, and other local format conventions.

It also includes the separation of user interface text e.g. in dialog boxes and menus. All the text used by an application may be kept in a separate file or directory, so that it can be translated all at once. User interfaces may require more screen space for text in other languages.

The simplest form of internationalisation may be to make use of operating system calls that format time, date and currency values according to the operating system's configuration.

The abbreviation i18n means "I - eighteen letters - N".
References in periodicals archive ?
On the internationalisation process of firms, European Research 8(6): 273-281.
What is happening in the Sudan for instance is a result of the internationalisation of the south issue, and regretfully, many Arab parties have contributed to that," he said, quoted by the Qatar News Agency (QNA).
Within his case study of Zhongshan University in Guangdong Province (China), Yang contemplates the concern that internationalisation forces have shifted the university's duty toward serving the local society to the wider prospects of the international dimension.
Thus, the restructuring of the nation-state and the rise of internationalisation run parallel to the reform and transformation of universities.
This evolution, a consequence of internationalisation, has in turn generated the structural evolutions we have been experiencing since the mid-eighties: Creation of lines of products, of divisions by activity, all international.
Hypothesis 5: The positive moderation of the relationship between TMT nationality diversity and firm performance by a firm's degree of internationalisation will be due to companies characterized by a high firm's degree of internationalization.
This book examines when, how and why internationalisation affects national economic institutions.
Among the 20 speakers are leaders in the promotion of internationalisation of higher education: Bernd Weachter (Academic Cooperation Association - Brussels), Daniel Obst (Institute of International Education-USA), Hubert Durrstein (OAD - Austria), Liu Nian Cai (Jiao Tong U - China), Michael Zgurovsky (Kiev Politechnic Institute - Ukraine), Alex Usher (Educational Policy Institute - Canada), Jan Sadlak (UNESCO-CEPES), Rolf Heusser (Swiss Center for Quality) and Vera Stastna (Ministry of Education - Czech Republic).
A conceptual framework and propositions are developed based on earlier research of internationalisation of manufacturing companies and companies in different service sectors.
The Internationalisation of Small Computer Software Firms - A Further Challenge to "Stage" Theories, European Journal of Marketing, 29, 8, 1995, pp.
The aim of the new issue is to finance the building of a strong brandname and increased internationalisation.
Challenging the Rhetoric: Internationalisation, Size and Financial Performance, European Retail Digest, 36, 2002, pp.

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