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(i18n, globalisation, enabling, software enabling) The process and philosophy of making software portable to other locales.

For successful localisation, products must be technically and culturally neutral. Effective internationalisation reduces the time and resources required for localisation, improving time-to-market abroad and allowing simultaneous shipment. In orther words, internationalisation abstracts out local details, localisation specifies those details for a particular locale.

Technically this may include allowing double-byte character sets such as unicode or Japanese, local numbering, date and currency formats, and other local format conventions.

It also includes the separation of user interface text e.g. in dialog boxes and menus. All the text used by an application may be kept in a separate file or directory, so that it can be translated all at once. User interfaces may require more screen space for text in other languages.

The simplest form of internationalisation may be to make use of operating system calls that format time, date and currency values according to the operating system's configuration.

The abbreviation i18n means "I - eighteen letters - N".
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (
References in periodicals archive ?
One of these functions is the Internationalisation Advisory Council.
Approaches to internationalisation and their implications for strategic management and institutional practice.
"The Panel recognises that Cardiff Metropolitan University has made a huge contribution to the lives of both international and local students in Cardiff by achieving an impressive level of internationalisation throughout the institution and embedding it deep within its culture and strategy."
Small firm internationalisation: an investigative survey and future research directions.
13 Abebaw Yirga Adamu, "Internationalisation of higher education in Africa: introducing credit accumulation and transfer system", International Journal of Public Policy 8, no.
The roundtable meeting of the directors of operations and investment of Islamic banks, themed "Internationalisation Strategies of Islamic Financial Institutions", will be held on February 23 and 24.
"On cooperation and competition: A Comparative analysis of national policies for internationalisation of higher education in seven western European Countries", Journal of Studies in International Education, Vol.9, No.2, pp.147-163
For small and medium companies, an important factor contributing to internationalisation and accompanying growth as well as a solution for the above mentioned hindrances may be the willingness and openness of these SMEs, (their owners and/or managers), to make the most of an opportunity which presents itself.
The goal of the programme is to assist Brazilian companies which are at an advanced stage with regard to their expansion overseas, develop a consistent internationalisation strategy.
The two day training is followed by half-day in house consulting to help the participating companies to form an optimal internationalisation strategy by identifying financial, structural, human resource, branding and other considerations for their business when entering new markets or expanding in existing markets, as well as by planning on acquiring the resources required to implement such a strategy.

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