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(i18n, globalisation, enabling, software enabling) The process and philosophy of making software portable to other locales.

For successful localisation, products must be technically and culturally neutral. Effective internationalisation reduces the time and resources required for localisation, improving time-to-market abroad and allowing simultaneous shipment. In orther words, internationalisation abstracts out local details, localisation specifies those details for a particular locale.

Technically this may include allowing double-byte character sets such as unicode or Japanese, local numbering, date and currency formats, and other local format conventions.

It also includes the separation of user interface text e.g. in dialog boxes and menus. All the text used by an application may be kept in a separate file or directory, so that it can be translated all at once. User interfaces may require more screen space for text in other languages.

The simplest form of internationalisation may be to make use of operating system calls that format time, date and currency values according to the operating system's configuration.

The abbreviation i18n means "I - eighteen letters - N".
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (
References in periodicals archive ?
As such, strategically creating an academic environment that brings America students together with international students, and vice versa, is one of the many synergistic ways academic institutions can increase their enrollment and internationalize themselves.
* Foreign MNEs in the home market significantly differentiated decisions to internationalize, as well as the presence of internationalizing domestic competitors, anticipated product acceptance, and internationalizing suppliers.
However, the most compelling reason for SPE to further internationalize is a broader recognition that cutting-edge research and development in plastics materials and processing will come from many places throughout the world.
The panelists' individual efforts both supported and advanced the collective mission of the International Association for Educational and Vocational Guidance and the National Career Development Association to internationalize career counseling.
Insisting the issue of Japanese nationals abducted by North Korea in the late 1970s and early 1980s has ''already been settled,'' the statement called the move to internationalize it the ''height of folly.''
Consistent with this, owners/founders or managers who have more positive perceptions of the international environment will also be more likely to internationalize their own small businesses.
First held in 1992, the World Cup aims to be an ''original cultural event based in Shizuoka'' to help promote the capital of Shizuoka Prefecture and internationalize through cultural exchanges.
Shortly after AS 4390 was published, the Australians began working with ISO and key players in, the global records management community to internationalize the standard.
However, the Chiba prefectural government is expected to oppose the plan to internationalize Haneda further as it could mean taking away some business from Narita airport.
"Helmut Thoma will help us to internationalize the state and make foreign media companies take notice of us," Clement says.
To assist business schools in devising strategies to internationalize the curriculum, this paper follows the principles presented by Hamel and Prahalad [1994] in Competing for the Future, a leading book in strategic planning.

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