The insula and drug addiction: an interoceptive
view of pleasure, urges, and decision-making.
Caption: Chronic pain patients' interoceptive
state becomes linked to the pain they are feeling, said Dr.
ability and body awareness in autism spectrum disorder," Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, vol.
These seven areas contain the frequency of panic attacks, distress during the panic attacks, anticipatory anxiety, agoraphobic fear/avoidance, interoceptive
fear/avoidance, work impairment/distress, and impairment of social functioning.
stimulus effects of EtOH: Commentary on Besheer, Fisher, & Durant (2012).
The 7 areas include the frequency of panic attacks; distress during the panic attacks; anticipatory anxiety; agoraphobic fear / avoidance; interoceptive
fear/avoidance; work impairment / distress; and impairment of social functioning.
The authors postulate that a likely greater dependence on anaerobic metabolism may increase the interoceptive
afferent signals of the body to the brain areas related to the generation of the affective response (prefrontal cortex and subcortical areas).
Major depressive disorder is associated with abnormal interoceptive
activity and functional connectivity in the insula.
Alternative explanations for the extent of proprioceptive recalibration observed in RHI have recently been invoked, however, including the role of socio-emotional processes (Van Stralen et al., 2014) and previous interoceptive
sensitivity regarding body ownership (Suzuki, Garfinkel, Critchley, & Seth, 2013).
The new version of this questionnaire is made up of eating disorder related psychological trait subscales of low self-esteem, personal alienation, interpersonal insecurity, interpersonal alienation, interoceptive
deficit, emotional dysregulation, perfectionism, asceticism, maturity fear and three additional response style indices(4).