interpellation

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interpellation

the process by which individuals become social subjects. According to ALTHUSSER (1971), people are actually the ‘bearers of structures’ rather than ‘autonomous subjects’. Yet, if capitalist relations of production are to be reproduced, each person must be constituted as an independent individual. This is the function of IDEOLOGY. Individuals are constituted or interpellated as subjects by ‘hailing’ or addressing them as, for example, ‘the people’.

In this way, the capitalist state is able to address individuals in terms of a democratic discourse as autonomous subjects, while recruiting them into a political process whose real function is the preservation, co-ordination and reproduction of the conditions for successful capital accumulation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Following Althusser (1971) who believes that media is an active part of the ideological state apparatus (ISA), I demonstrate that media, an ISA shapes opinions through employing ideology which tacitly interpellates individuals (read audience/viewers) in a particular way in a given cultural context.
The play argues that corrupt rulers all use the word or its variants in order to demonize or interpellate any opponent of their own corrupt rule.
57) She draws on Butler's argument concerning the inevitable failure of any effort to interpellate subjects, arising from the infinitesimal sources of social identifications and the potential to use forms of parody to undermine the performances of subjectivity expected by dominant discourses in particular sociopolitical contexts (in the case of major protests, the performance expected is of orderly marches conducted well away from security fences).
Don Rafael feels himself to be in a position where he can interpellate, performatively create, her personality as a woman who practises free love, when in reality the interpellation might be more a consequence of his own desire than any reality about the woman's life.
The rhetorical force of media is in the way they interpellate us as subjects of their production and our alignment with this.
Strangely, DPJ leader Ichiro Ozawa did not interpellate in the Lower House plenary session as a representative of his party.
Habitus] introduces a lag, and sometimes a hiatus, between the past determinations that produced it and the current determinations that interpellate it: as "history made nature," habitus "is what confers upon practices their relative autonomy with respect to the external determinations of the immediate present.
Whether race is "real" or not, our communities, and the institutions and systems that shape, enable, and constrain our lives interpellate each of us as raced subjects, and our world is ordered differently depending on how we are raced.
In looking at how globalized European and American consumer cultures interpellate Marjane in Satrapi's book, we can complicate the picture a bit.
Thus Blake's work in Milton furthers the defamiliarizing objectives of Visions, Europe, and America by exposing the cultural and political assumptions behind the government's version of nationalism: "The nationalism that government propaganda, and the rehabilitation of Milton, circulated to interpellate the population into a sense of community that valorized a willingness to sacrifice for that community's defining political agenda is thus defamiliarized in the sense of being framed as a nonfamilial strain infecting the proper national familiar and family" (134).
In our reading of the rendering of whale into oil, we interpellate more recent forms of human and animal expropriation, cultural practices with which we are all so familiar that it is no longer necessary to discriminate the circumstances or causes of past acts of violence but merely to cite them, along with all practices that might be interpreted as metaphorical renderings of life to thing, to trigger a reflexive disgust.
I suggest this not to interpellate Cambis, Zubrycki and Salama back into the singularity of nationhood, but rather as a way to account for the possibilities the films present for seeking out affiliations that exist alongside and in tension with Australian identity.