After 135 launches that have put in place much of the satellite infrastructure on which modern communications depend, as well launching several interplanetary probes
, that image is set to be consigned to history.
Io is just one wonder among many uncovered in the last 50 years with the advent of the space age and its interplanetary probes
, space-based telescopes, and other technological advances.
Australia has extensive launch ranges, Canada has expertise in radar imaging satellites, and India has across-the-board capabilities including launch vehicles, satellites and now interplanetary probes
, he said.
Benson is a journalist, filmmaker, and photographer whose previous book Beyond: Visions of Interplanetary Probes
has been the source for exhibitions sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and the American Museum of Natural History in New York.
After studying part 1, readers should have a basic comprehension of the complexities surrounding the design of interplanetary probes
He established the production line that turned out more than 260 Agenas used by Discoverer/Corona and other National Reconnaissance Office programs, NASA's Lunar Orbiter and Mariner interplanetary probes
, and other space projects.
NASA usually emphasizes big, individually managed projects, such as interplanetary probes
, whose completion depends on annual appropriations from Congress for each satellite.
But new technologies could turn slightly larger versions of today's CubeSat designs into budget-priced interplanetary probes
by the end of the decade.
Chertok also records the development and launch of such satellites as Sputnik (in 1957) and of lunar and interplanetary probes
. In addition to these successes, he acknowledges such failures as the R-16 rocket explosion in 1960 that killed Marshal Mitrofan Nedelin, head of Soviet strategic missiles, and scores of top engineers.
Besides interplanetary probes
, Myers said, "the establishing of a space station is the new era that we really are moving into." The very day Discovery took off, the United States--after more than two years of negotiation -- signed a detailed pact with Canada, Japan and nine European countries covering their participation in the space station program.