# interpolation

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## interpolation

[in‚tər·pə′lā·shən]
(mathematics)
A process used to estimate an intermediate value of one (dependent) variable which is a function of a second (independent) variable when values of the dependent variable corresponding to several discrete values of the independent variable are known.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

## interpolation

see MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

## Interpolation

an insertion or correction in an original text made by someone other than the author.

Interpolations played a pivotal role in the texts by Roman jurists that are compiled in the Digest. They were made to eliminate contradictions in the texts as well as the statutes and attitudes that were inappropriate for the Justinian era. Various kinds of interpolations were made, including specification and substitutions of the rule of law, substitution or elimination of terms, and lexical changes. The medieval humanists were the first to discover the interpolations in the Digest.

## Interpolation

in mathematics and statistics, the process of finding values of a quantity between some of its known values. An example is finding values of the function f(x) at points x lying between the points (nodes of interpolation) x0 < x1 < … < xn by means of the known values yi = f(x1), where i = 0, 1, …, n. In the case when x lies outside the interval included between x0 and xn, the analogous problem is called an extrapolation problem.

In the simplest case, linear interpolation, the value of f(x) at a point x satisfying the inequality x0 < x1, is taken to be equal to the value

of the linear function coinciding with f(x) at the points x = x0 and x = x1. The interpolation problem is undefined from a strict mathematical viewpoint: if nothing is known about the function f(x) except its values at the points x0, x1, …, xn, then its value at a point x, which is different from all these points, remains completely arbitrary. The interpolation problem acquires a definite meaning if the function f(x) and its derivatives are subject to certain inequalities. If, for example, the values f(x0) and f(x1) are given and it is known that for xo < x < x1 the inequality | f”(x) | ≤ M is fulfilled, then the error of the formula (*) may be estimated with the aid of the inequality

It makes sense to use more complex interpolation formulas only in the case when it is certain that the function is sufficiently “smooth,” that is, when it has a sufficient number of derivatives that do not increase rapidly.

In addition to the computation of values of functions, interpolation has numerous other applications (for example, approximate integration, approximate solution of equations, and, in statistics, the smoothing of distribution series with the aim of eliminating random distortions).

### REFERENCES

Goncharov, V. L. Teoriia interpolirovaniia i priblizheniia funktsii, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1954.
Krylov, A. N. Lektsii o pribiizhennykh vychisleniiakh, 6th ed. Moscow, 1954.
Yule, G. U., and M. G. Kendall. Teoriia statistiki, 14th ed. Moscow, 1960. (Translated from English.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

## interpolation

This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

## interpolation

In computer graphics, interpolation is the creation of new values that lie between known values. For example, when objects are rasterized into two-dimensional images from their corner points (vertices), all the pixels between those points are filled in by an interpolation algorithm, which determines their color and other attributes (see graphics pipeline).

Another example is when a video image in a low resolution is upscaled to display on a monitor with a higher resolution, the missing lines are created by interpolation. In a digital camera, the optical zoom is based on the physical lenses, but the digital zoom is accomplished by algorithms (see interpolated resolution).
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
We evaluate the performance of the proposed method in this section, where W-DCT-IF using the PTI is compared with various conventional interpolation methods [1]-[3], [7], [8], [10], [17] from the viewpoint of edge enhancement.
The interpolation of Data 1 is referred to as first model named PMLRW 1 (Phase Multiple Linear Regression and Variable Selection 1, hereafter it will be referred to as Model 1) whereas the interpolation of Data 2 is referred as second model namely PMLRW 2 (Phase Multiple Linear Regression and Variable Selection 2, hereafter it will be referred to as Model 2).
Since there is no preferred interpolation method, the choice of the appropriate method for a certain task is made based on its accuracy [11-16] among other factors.
Hermite interpolation by periodic splines with equidistant knots.
The problem of determining a polynomial of degree one that passes through the ([x.sub.0], [y.sub.0]) distinct points ([x.sub.0], [y.sub.0]) and ([x.sub.1], [y.sub.1]) is the same as approximating a function f for which f([x.sub.0]) = [y.sub.0] and f([x.sub.1]) = [y.sub.1] by means of a first-degree polynomial interpolation, or agreeing with the values of f at the given points.
IDW interpolation technique is based on the premise that the predictions are a linear combination of available data.
The Circular Interpolation. Let point [P.sub.i]([x.sub.i], [y.sub.i]) and [P.sub.i+1]([x.sub.i+1], [y.sub.i+1]) be the current and next interpolation point on the saddle weld and the angle of the x-axis, respectively; [[theta].sub.i] and [[theta].sub.i+1] be the angles between the two points for the [DELTA][theta], [[theta].sub.i+1] = [[theta].sub.i] + [DELTA][theta], and the coordinates of the [P.sub.i] point are
Two main trends can be found: (a) the errors caused by the regression function are larger than those caused by the interpolation method and (b) the errors of elastic-plastic materials are larger compared with elastic materials by use of the interpolation method.
The interpolation distribution [[R[C.sup.n]].sub.i] (x) is defined on [[OMEGA].sub.i] = ([x.sub.i-1/2], [x.sub.i+1/2]) and [([C.sup.n]).sub.i+1/2] is the value at the point of [x.sub.i+1/2].
(2) We combine the artificial neural network with the inverse-distance-weighted interpolation algorithm to obtain a novel back propagation artificial neural network operator
Freeman (1960) notes that "Lagrange's formula is usually laborious to apply in practice" and recommends instead using other finite difference interpolation formulae.
While sampling has been commonplace in music for decades, the popularity of interpolations, or replays as they're also known, has grown significantly.

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