Arthroplasty

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Related to interposition arthroplasty: excisional arthroplasty

arthroplasty

[′är·thrō‚plas·tē]
(medicine)
The making of an artificial joint.
Reconstruction of a new and functioning joint from an ankylosed one; a plastic operation upon a joint.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Arthroplasty

 

an operation that restores function of a joint.

Indications for arthroplasty are ankyloses, improperly knitted intra-articular fractures, and deforming arthroses. Arthroplasty consists in disconnecting the joint extremities, modeling new joint surfaces, and placing between them layers of the patient’s tissue (skin or fascia). Caps of cartilage or fetal membrane (amnion) are also used. Preserved joint extremities (homohemijoints) or whole joints (homojoints) taken from corpses, artificial joint heads of plastic or metal (for example, the head of the femur in arthroplasty of the hip joint), and artificial joints (for example, metallic prostheses of the hip joint or of finger joints) are widely used. After the operation, prolonged functional treatment (therapeutic exercise, physiotherapy, and massage) is mandatory.

REFERENCE

Chaklin, V. D. Operativnaia ortopediia. Moscow, 1951.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This case report is to show the first 5-year result of our interposition arthroplasty technique.
Sahar, "Treatment of elbow osteomyelitis with an interposition arthroplasty using a rectus abdominis free flap," Annals of Plastic Surgery, vol.
Sanchez-Sotelo, "Anconeus interposition arthroplasty: mid- to long-term results," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research[R], vol.
Baratz, "Arthroscopically assisted elbow interposition arthroplasty without hinged external fixation: surgical technique and patient outcomes," Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol.
Anyaehie, "The use of the radial recurrent fasciocutaneous flap in interposition arthroplasty of elbow ankylosis case report and review of literature," International Journal of Surgery, vol.
Morrey, "Treatment of the mobile, painful arthritic elbow by distraction interposition arthroplasty," Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery.
Basal joint arthritis: Trapeziectomy with ligament reconstruction and tendon interposition arthroplasty. J Hand Surg Am 1996; 21: 202-9.
Radiographic assessment of the trapezial space before and after ligament reconstruction and tendon interposition arthroplasty. J Hand Surg [Br].
Interposition arthroplasty has been described in other joints with good long-term results, especially in the hand.
(13.) Hamilton WG, O'Malley MJ, Thompson FM: Capsular interposition arthroplasty for severe hallux rigidus.