interview

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interview

a method of collecting social data at the INDIVIDUAL LEVEL. This face-to-face method ensures a higher RESPONSE RATE than POSTAL QUESTIONNAIRES, but can introduce INTERVIEWER BIAS by the effect different interviewers have on the quality VALIDITY and RELIABILITY of the data so collected.

Interviews may be structured, with the interviewer asking set questions and the respondents’ replies being immediately categorized. This format allows ease of analysis and less possibility of interviewer bias, but the data will not be as ‘rich’ as that elicited by an unstructured design (and may be subject to problems such as MEASUREMENT BY FIAT – see also CICOUREL). Unstructured interviews are desirable when the initial exploration of an area is being made, and hypotheses for further investigation being generated, or when the depth of the data required is more important than ease of analysis. See QUALITATIVE RESEARCH and QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH TECHNIQUES.

References in periodicals archive ?
Candidates however need to be prepared to go through different formats of interviews as there is usually little room to dictate or debate how they would wish to be interviewed.
Trump did accept an invitation to be interviewed during his first year in office.
The interviewer interviewed an academic in the field of education (multicultural education) about how to negotiate higher education and be successful (flourish in academia).
The persons interviewed must be, first of all, connected to the event or the theme, then they must be personalities in a field of activity or they should have achieved something important.
Sixty-one high school chemistry students were interviewed to assess learning strategies they used before, during, and after a testing period.
Secretary Rumsfeld interviewed by Rusty Humphries, Talk Radio Network, Sept.
Castro Valley-based James Hanson was interviewed for an Aug.
The researcher interviewed these teachers individually to ask them research questions to gather data collection.
In the 1970s, a young woman named Linda Kuehl interviewed over 100 people who knew Billie Holiday for the purpose of writing a book.
(1) Half of youth who reported in Wave 1 that they had committed themselves to remaining abstinent until marriage reported no such commitment when interviewed again roughly a year later.
DANCE MAGAZINE INTERVIEWED 16 CHOREOGRAPHERS of different ages, styles, and nationalities.