interview

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interview

a method of collecting social data at the INDIVIDUAL LEVEL. This face-to-face method ensures a higher RESPONSE RATE than POSTAL QUESTIONNAIRES, but can introduce INTERVIEWER BIAS by the effect different interviewers have on the quality VALIDITY and RELIABILITY of the data so collected.

Interviews may be structured, with the interviewer asking set questions and the respondents’ replies being immediately categorized. This format allows ease of analysis and less possibility of interviewer bias, but the data will not be as ‘rich’ as that elicited by an unstructured design (and may be subject to problems such as MEASUREMENT BY FIAT – see also CICOUREL). Unstructured interviews are desirable when the initial exploration of an area is being made, and hypotheses for further investigation being generated, or when the depth of the data required is more important than ease of analysis. See QUALITATIVE RESEARCH and QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH TECHNIQUES.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
In some companies, an aging workforce is already a palpable concern (Interview, Interviewee R, 5 October 2012).
Another interviewee from the East Coast similarly cited the environmental benefits of public transportation as a way to account for the value of public subsidies for transit: one way to justify continuing subsidies for transit agencies which rarely provide all of their own operational or capital expenses is to consider the value of the transit agency through the lens of general clean air measures and legislation.
About 77 percent of male interviewees and 63 percent of female interviewees said their parents had arranged blind dates for them, and 14 percent of male interviewees and nine percent of female interviewees had been arranged more than 10 blind dates, according to the report.
Interviewee 10 said, "One of the first things I looked at was reputation." She compared two experiences at two different facilities where she had completed clinical experiences, saying about one facility, "...
We recruited the first wave of interviewees through our own separate networks, and we also enlisted the assistance of a market research company that specializes in recruiting focus group participants.
or when somebody has no skidoos we share it [muskox meat]" (Elder, Interviewee 26) and then, "the meat you buy at the store here is pretty expensive.
In order to protect the interviewees' identities, we have chosen to classify the selected interview excerpts by using increasing numbers according to three levels of care: Primary (doctor--1, doctor--2, nurse--3, social worker--4, administrative assistant--5, and administrative assistant--6); Secondary (doctor--7, social worker 8, nurse--9, nurse--10, nurse--11, administrative assistant--12, pharmacist--13, and doctor--14); and Tertiary (doctor--15, nurse--16, social worker--17, doctor 1 8, and social worker--19).
Evaluation is not completed with one question: several follow-up questions are asked based on how the interview situation unfolds, naturally revealing the interviewee's ability to deal with spontaneous or complex situations.
This rude, arrogant, selfopinionated man should never be put in the position again where he is given carte-blanche to verbally abuse interviewees.
Interviewee Dr Awan cited rehabilitation programmes in Denmark that have been "successful in terms of policing and making sure returnee fighters are looking for jobs and contributing towards society".
It is important to note in both styles that interview footage is invariably edited to suit the filmmaker's, not the interviewee's, narrative requirements.