bypass

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bypass

1. a main road built to avoid a city or other congested area
2. any system of pipes or conduits for redirecting the flow of a liquid
3. a means of redirecting the flow of a substance around an appliance through which it would otherwise pass
4. Surgery
a. the redirection of blood flow, either to avoid a diseased blood vessel or in order to perform heart surgery
b. (as modifier): bypass surgery
5. Electronics
a. an electrical circuit, esp one containing a capacitor, connected in parallel around one or more components, providing an alternative path for certain frequencies
b. (as modifier): a bypass capacitor

bypass

[′bī‚pas]
(civil engineering)
A road which carries traffic around a congested district or temporary obstruction.
(communications)
The use of alternative systems, such as satellite and microwave, to transmit data and voice signals, avoiding use of the communication lines of the local telephone company.
(electricity)
A shunt path around some element or elements of a circuit.
(engineering)
An alternating, usually smaller, diversionary flow path in a fluid dynamic system to avoid some device, fixture, or obstruction.

bypass

Any device (such as a pipe or duct) for directing flow around an element instead of through it.

bypass

In communications, to avoid the local telephone company by using satellites and microwave systems.
References in periodicals archive ?
In marked contrast, Kuldau and Rand (1980) and their associates found little evidence for increased marital discord 1, 3, and 5 years following intestinal bypass surgery.
At that time, the agency asked for comments on whether Medicare should cover various gastric and intestinal bypass procedures to improve diabetes status in obese, overweight, and nonoverweight diabetes patients.
bile acid sequestrants, intestinal bypass surgery, and lifestyle
Secondary causes of low BMD include endocrinopathies (hypercalciuria, hypogonadism, hyper-parathyroidism, and Cushing's syndrome), some GI disorders (gastrectomy, inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease, intestinal bypass surgery, primary biliary cirrhosis, and pancreatic insufficiency), genetic disorders (Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Marfan syndrome, and homocystinuria), and eating disorders (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and female athlete triad).
Excessively acidic urine - often found in chemotherapy patients or people who have undergone intestinal bypass surgery - can appear orangey-pink.
Nutritional causes of fat in the liver include: starvation, obesity, protein malnutrition and intestinal bypass operation for obesity.
He had undergone intestinal bypass surgery 20 years earlier, and had a history of childhood hepatitis.