failure

(redirected from intestinal failure)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.

failure

[′fāl·yər]
(engineering)
A permanent change in the volume of a powder or the stresses within it.
(mechanics)
Condition caused by collapse, break, or bending, so that a structure or structural element can no longer fulfill its purpose.

Failure

A condition when a structure or material ceases to fulfill its required purpose. The failure of a structural member may be caused by elastic deformation, fracture, or excessive deflection. The nonstructural failure of a material may be due to weathering, abrasion, or chemical action.

Failure

 

Failure is a consequence of a change in the parameters of a device or of its parts, resulting from internal physicochemical processes and the effect of the environment.

A distinction is made between sudden failure and gradual failure. Sudden failure is characterized by an abrupt change in the values of one or more fundamental parameters of a device (for example, the burnout of the incandescent filament in an electric lamp); in gradual failure, there is a slow change in the values of one or more fundamental parameters of a device (for example, the decrease of engine power to a level below the rated power). The criteria for failure are established in the technical specifications for a particular item.

As a result of failure, a device may stop operating completely, or its operating efficiency may fall below the permissible level. Failure of an element in a device that is not caused by damage to other elements is called independent failure; failure resulting from damage or the complete failure of other elements is called dependent failure.

V. N. FOMIN

What does it mean when you dream about a failure?

Dreaming about failing, in school or in some task, may simply be an expression of anxiety (i.e., it is not a sign predicting that someone will fail). People who regularly dream of failing are often perfectionists.

failure

In structural engineering, that condition of a structural element (or its material components) which renders it incapable of continuing the load-carrying function for which it was designed; may be caused by fracture or by excessive and permanent plastic deformation.

Failure

Army Bomb Plot
attempted assassination of Hitler; his miraculous escape brought dreadful retaliation (1944). [Ger. Hist.: Van Doren, 500]
Brown, Charlie
comic strip character for whom losing is a way of life. [Comics: “Peanuts” in Horn, 542–543]
Bunion Derby
financially disastrous cross-country marathon. [Am. Hist.: Sann, 48–56]
Carker, John
broken-spirited man occupying subordinate position. [Br. Lit.: Dombey and Son]
Edsel
much bruited automobile fails on market (1950s). [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 78]
English, Julian
contentious and unloved salesman; commits suicide in despair. [Am. Lit.: Appointment in Samarra]
Gunpowder Plot
attempt to blow up the Parliament building; led to the execution of its leader, Guy Fawkes (1605). [Brit. Hist.: EB, IV: 70–71]
Little Tramp Chaplin’s
much-loved, much-imitated hapless, “I’m a failure” persona. [Am. Cinema: Griffith, 79]
Loman, Willy
traveling salesman who gradually comes to realize that his life has been a complete failure; commits suicide. [Am. Lit.: The Death of a Salesman, Payton, 397]
Mighty Casey
ignominiously strikes out in the clutch. [Am. Lit.: “Casey at the Bat” in Turkin, 642]
Reardon, Edwin
very promising writer who, after unsuccessful publication, returns to clerical job. [Br. Lit.: New Grub Street, Magill I, 647–649]
Skid Row
district of down-and-outs and bums. [Am. Usage: Brewer Dictionary, 1008]
WIN buttons
President Ford’s scheme to reduce inflation: for the American public to wear shields stating “WIN.” (Whip Inflation Now). [Am. Hist.: Misc.]
World League
“ingenious” creation of a third professional league that never materialized. [Am. Sports: Misc.]
Yank
steamship stoker vainly tries to climb the social ladder, then fails in attempt to avenge himself on society. [Am. Drama: O’Neill The Hairy Ape in Sobel, 339]

failure

The inability of a system or system component to perform a required function within specified limits. A failure may be produced when a fault is encountered.
References in periodicals archive ?
Intestinal transplant is considered for patients with irreversible short gut syndrome, functional intestinal failure, or severe complications of total parenteral nutrition.
ESPEN concluded with a comprehensive review of the medical and surgical management of intestinal failure.
When her condition failed to improve after a string of operations, the couple, who had been living at Lytham St Annes, Lancs, turned to specialists at the National Intestinal Failure Centre in Salford, who performed the ill-fated surgery in April.
But in a small study presented at the Digestive Disease Week Annual Meeting in May in San Francisco, CA, researchers reported that isolated small bowel transplant resulted in high graft and patient survival, suggesting that this approach can safely be offered to patients with irreversible intestinal failure.
Her family were devastated when doctors said she had liver and intestinal failure and that there was nothing more they could do for her.
Joshua was born with intestinal failure and has to spend 12 hours hooked up to the machine six nights a week.
Between August 1991 and 2000, 21 cadaveric intestinal grafts were transplanted into 17 patients (5 adults, 12 children) with intestinal failure due to long-term total parenteral nutrition (tube-feeding).
Short bowel patients with intestinal failure rely on parenteral support to meet their nutritional, fluid and electrolyte needs because their intestines aren't able to absorb enough nutrients, fluids and electrolytes.
the leading pediatric surgeon in the southeast specializing in a procedure to dramatically improve the lives of children living with intestinal failure.
Now doctors have said that she had liver and intestinal failure and that there is nothing more they can do for her.
In patients with trauma-induced intestinal failure, early elective living-related segmental small bowel transplantation (LRSBTx) can restore intestinal function and prevent life-threatening complications associated with total parenteral nutrition (TPN), University of Illinois at Chicago researchers reported.
A poster (P1267) titled "Long-Term Therapy With Teduglutide: Characteristics of Patients With Intestinal Failure Associated With Short Bowel Syndrome Who Achieved Complete Independence From Parenteral Nutrition and/or Intravenous Fluid Support" was presented by lead study investigator Ken Fujioka, MD and colleagues at the American College of Gastroenterology Annual Scientific Meeting in Las Vegas, NV.