this is particularly relevant for our intestinal villi
In part of its course, it is ridged by the underlying submucosa to form circular folds and the whole surface is covered by mucosal finger-like or leaf-like intestinal villi
. Between the bases of the villi are numerous simple tubular intestinal glands, while in the duodenum there are also submucosal glands.
In the gastrointestinal tractamyloid material attaches to the intestinal villi
and causes malabsorption.
Biopsy proves conclusive in proving the damage of small intestinal villi
. Biopsy results are conclusive than blood tests.
are the main site of nutrient absorption and their better development could be the reason for higher nutrient absorption (Hanczakowska and Swiatkiewicz, 2012).
amylolique-faciens in the diet presented good indications, increasing the size of the intestinal villi
, number of goblet cells and enhancing the homeostatic state of the fish.
Table 3--Height of intestinal villi
and depth of intestinal crypts in the duodenum of broiler chickens fed with different levels of kaolin.
Our studies revealed that mice exposed to UFP, collected near downtown Los Angeles, California, displayed increased oxidative products of arachidonic and linoleic acids, accompanied by changes in villus lengths and macrophage/ neutrophil infiltrates in the intestinal villi
, whereas D-4F administration mitigated these effects.
The histological studies of the jejunum wall of the white non-pregnant rats that consumed 1.0% solution of sodium chloride (experience 4) have shown a reduction of intestinal villi
length by 18.24% (P [less than or equal to] 0.05), an increase in the crypts width by 25.62% (P [less than or equal to] 0.05), the reduction of the area of villus nuclei enterocytes by 28.98% (P [less than or equal to] 0.05), the increased number of goblet cells by 78.63% (P [less than or equal to] 0.05) as compared to the control.
Maintaining a healthy gut wall and support of intestinal villi
This study revealed that the thickness of intestinal villi
gradually decreased from the anterior to the posterior section.
The increased surface area was reported to be a result of the enterocytes of the intestinal villi
undergoing considerable hypertrophy (Lee & Cossins 1988).