intifada


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Intifada

(ĭntēfă`dĕ) [Arab.,=uprising, shaking off], the Palestinian uprising during the late 1980s and early 90s in the West BankWest Bank,
territory, formerly part of Palestine, after 1949 administered by Jordan, since 1967 largely occupied by Israel (2005 est. pop. 2,386,000), 2,165 sq mi (5,607 sq km), west of the Jordan River, incorporating the northwest quadrant of the Dead Sea.
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 and Gaza StripGaza Strip
, (2007 pop. 1,416,543) rectangular coastal area, c.140 sq mi (370 sq km), SW Asia, on the Mediterranean Sea adjoining Egypt and Israel, in what was formerly SW Palestine, now officially administered by the Palestinian Authority.
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, areas that had been occupied by Israel since 1967. A vehicular accident that killed four Palestinians in the Gaza Strip in Dec., 1987, sparked immediate local protests that rapidly spread to the West Bank. The violence was marked by stone-throwing and the use of homemade explosive devices on behalf of the Arabs, and the use of tear gas, rubber bullets, and home demolition by Israeli troops attempting to quell the popular resistance. The conflict led to an Israeli military crackdown and the stagnation of the Arab economies in the occupied territories, but with the gradual establishment of Palestinian self-rule, beginning with the accord between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1993, the violence eased significantly.

The term "intifada" has also been used to describe the anti-Israeli uprising that began after the Sept. 20, 2000, visit of the right-wing Israeli politician Ariel SharonSharon, Ariel
, 1928–2014, Israeli general and politician, b. Kfar Malal as Ariel Scheinerman. As a teenager he joined the Haganah, the underground Zionist military brigade, and took his Hebrew name from the Sharon Plain, where he worked in 1947.
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 to the Jerusalem holy site known as (to Jews) the Temple Mount or (to Arabs) the Haram esh-Sherif. Arising out of Palestinian frustration with the slow progress since the since 1993, the fighting has had the character more of a guerrilla war and has been marked by the use of suicide bomb attacks by Hamas, the Islamic Jihad, and elements of the PLO and by Israeli attacks on official Palestinian installations and reoccupation of areas Israeli forces had left after 1993.

intifada

the Palestinian uprising against Israel in the West Bank and Gaza Strip that started at the end of 1987
References in periodicals archive ?
King argues that the greatest accomplishments of the first Intifada overlap with its most nonviolent phase, which is also when the greatest number of Palestinians were active in the resistance: building semi-autonomous institutions throughout the Occupied Territories, refusing to pay taxes to Israeli occupation authorities, quitting jobs in the civil administration, boycotting Israeli products, organizing joint demonstrations with Israeli and international sympathizers, and engaging in countless other nonviolent campaigns.
For readers interested in the specific tactics used in the first intifada, this book will serve as a high-quality resource.
The day after Almontaser's intifada statement, the city's Department of Education was believed to have pressured her into issuing an apology.
With the al Aqsa intifada raging in the West Bank and Gaza, and the terrorist attacks in New York and Washington further poisoning the atmosphere, the pair struggle to recover the common ground--a worldly curiosity, an empathy for the other side--that had joined them in the prison camp.
With a few exceptions, these stories were recorded early in the second intifada, which began in the fall of 2000.
"Using a poverty line of US$2.1 per day, the World Bank estimated that 21% of the Palestinian population were poor on the eve of the Intifada, a number that increased to about 60% by December 2002.
The result was the intifada - in simple English, an invitation to murder Israelis whenever the opportunity arose.
The "Al Aqsa Intifada" started after hardline Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon (then opposition leader) made a controversial visit to the Haram Al Sharif, the third holiest site in Islam.
The outbreak coincides with the onset of the second intifada in Palestine.
"The original inspiration for The New Intifada," explains
Palestinians, frustrated with Israeli occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, begin a protest called the intifada ("uprising" in Arabic), marked by frequent strikes and stone-throwing.