intifada


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Intifada

(ĭntēfă`dĕ) [Arab.,=uprising, shaking off], the Palestinian uprising during the late 1980s and early 90s in the West BankWest Bank,
territory, formerly part of Palestine, after 1949 administered by Jordan, since 1967 largely occupied by Israel (2005 est. pop. 2,386,000), 2,165 sq mi (5,607 sq km), west of the Jordan River, incorporating the northwest quadrant of the Dead Sea.
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 and Gaza StripGaza Strip
, (2007 pop. 1,416,543) rectangular coastal area, c.140 sq mi (370 sq km), SW Asia, on the Mediterranean Sea adjoining Egypt and Israel, in what was formerly SW Palestine, now officially administered by the Palestinian Authority.
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, areas that had been occupied by Israel since 1967. A vehicular accident that killed four Palestinians in the Gaza Strip in Dec., 1987, sparked immediate local protests that rapidly spread to the West Bank. The violence was marked by stone-throwing and the use of homemade explosive devices on behalf of the Arabs, and the use of tear gas, rubber bullets, and home demolition by Israeli troops attempting to quell the popular resistance. The conflict led to an Israeli military crackdown and the stagnation of the Arab economies in the occupied territories, but with the gradual establishment of Palestinian self-rule, beginning with the accord between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1993, the violence eased significantly.

The term "intifada" has also been used to describe the anti-Israeli uprising that began after the Sept. 20, 2000, visit of the right-wing Israeli politician Ariel SharonSharon, Ariel
, 1928–2014, Israeli general and politician, b. Kfar Malal as Ariel Scheinerman. As a teenager he joined the Haganah, the underground Zionist military brigade, and took his Hebrew name from the Sharon Plain, where he worked in 1947.
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 to the Jerusalem holy site known as (to Jews) the Temple Mount or (to Arabs) the Haram esh-Sherif. Arising out of Palestinian frustration with the slow progress since the since 1993, the fighting has had the character more of a guerrilla war and has been marked by the use of suicide bomb attacks by Hamas, the Islamic Jihad, and elements of the PLO and by Israeli attacks on official Palestinian installations and reoccupation of areas Israeli forces had left after 1993.

intifada

the Palestinian uprising against Israel in the West Bank and Gaza Strip that started at the end of 1987
References in periodicals archive ?
Thirty-two percent described that violence as an intifada.
Mishaal said that topmost of the intifada goals should be getting rid of occupation and settlements in addition to foiling the Israeli occupation authority's attempt to divide the holy Aqsa Mosque, according to PIC.
It tells a story about the people of Beit Suhour, a village a few kilometers east of Bethlehem, who in the still-hopeful days of the Intifada were at the forefront of the Palestinian civil disobedience campaign.
Prior to the eruption of the first intifada in December 1987 and also the second intifada in September 2000, the anger at the mass level had crossed all limits.
I hope that the Arab reader will remember when the third Intifada starts that I had predicted it today.
The first Palestinian Intifada, or uprising, began 24 years ago, as an accumulative result of Israel's occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip in 1967, and its mounting brutal, repressive actions against Palestinians in all the occupied territories.
The Chairman of the Caucasus Muslims Office Sheikh-ul-Islam Haji Allahshukur Pashazade lauded the Islamic Republic of Iran for hosting the 5th International Conference in Support of the Palestinian Intifada, and described Iran as a pioneering country in defending the rights of the worldwide Muslims.
The Third Palestinian Intifada page had called for an uprising on May 15 (Friday) after Muslim prayers were completed, with one of its quotes saying: "Judgment Day will be brought upon us only once the Muslims have killed all of the Jews.
in all Palestinian towns and villages and develop an intifada that takes into consideration lessons learned from the first two intifadas" in 1987-93 and 2000-05, Hamadeh said, quoting unnamed sources.
This situation is the first time that it has happened since the outbreak of the Second Intifada (also known as the al Aqsa Intifada) ten years ago.
The prospect of a breakdown again raises the specter of another intifada, since many Palestinians may conclude that the occupation is either permanent or that diplomacy is simply an ineffective tool in resolving it and that a new uprising is the only remaining way to pressure Israel.
The sprouting of militant resistance movements and their campaigns against Israel, particularly the first Intifada, drew attention of the whole world to the plight of the Palestinians and forced the start of the peace process in Madrid 1990.