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(ĭntēfă`dĕ) [Arab.,=uprising, shaking off], the Palestinian uprising during the late 1980s and early 90s in the West BankWest Bank,
territory, formerly part of Palestine, after 1949 administered by Jordan, since 1967 largely occupied by Israel (2005 est. pop. 2,386,000), 2,165 sq mi (5,607 sq km), west of the Jordan River, incorporating the northwest quadrant of the Dead Sea.
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 and Gaza StripGaza Strip
, (2007 pop. 1,416,543) rectangular coastal area, c.140 sq mi (370 sq km), SW Asia, on the Mediterranean Sea adjoining Egypt and Israel, in what was formerly SW Palestine, now officially administered by the Palestinian Authority.
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, areas that had been occupied by Israel since 1967. A vehicular accident that killed four Palestinians in the Gaza Strip in Dec., 1987, sparked immediate local protests that rapidly spread to the West Bank. The violence was marked by stone-throwing and the use of homemade explosive devices on behalf of the Arabs, and the use of tear gas, rubber bullets, and home demolition by Israeli troops attempting to quell the popular resistance. The conflict led to an Israeli military crackdown and the stagnation of the Arab economies in the occupied territories, but with the gradual establishment of Palestinian self-rule, beginning with the accord between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1993, the violence eased significantly.

The term "intifada" has also been used to describe the anti-Israeli uprising that began after the Sept. 20, 2000, visit of the right-wing Israeli politician Ariel SharonSharon, Ariel
, 1928–2014, Israeli general and politician, b. Kfar Malal as Ariel Scheinerman. As a teenager he joined the Haganah, the underground Zionist military brigade, and took his Hebrew name from the Sharon Plain, where he worked in 1947.
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 to the Jerusalem holy site known as (to Jews) the Temple Mount or (to Arabs) the Haram esh-Sherif. Arising out of Palestinian frustration with the slow progress since the since 1993, the fighting has had the character more of a guerrilla war and has been marked by the use of suicide bomb attacks by Hamas, the Islamic Jihad, and elements of the PLO and by Israeli attacks on official Palestinian installations and reoccupation of areas Israeli forces had left after 1993.


the Palestinian uprising against Israel in the West Bank and Gaza Strip that started at the end of 1987
References in periodicals archive ?
During the financial crisis that followed the second intifadah, the proportion earning the minimum wage or less grew: in 2002, it was 31.
during the four years of the second intifadah (Palestinian uprising
This Russian policy was in sharp contrast to Putin's early policy on Hamas, when a visiting Israeli delegation to Moscow at the start of the Al-Aksa Intifadah, in the fall of 2000, was told by Sergei Lavrov, then head of Russia's Security Council, that the terrorism Israelis were facing in Gaza and the West Bank was exactly what Moscow faced in Chechnya.
2) The second Intifadah started on September 2000 in the wake of a visit by former Prime Minister Sharon to the Temple Mount and the collapse of the Israeli-Palestinian peace negotiation at Camp David.
This means that 12% of the new jobs resulted from the intifadah, and were not a product of normal economic growth.
Growing in militancy, the Western Saharan independence movement has spawned its own intifadah, a decentralized, youth-led, anti-Moroccan protest movement in the occupied region.
In the book, he traces the development of federal ideas in the writings of prominent Zionist leaders from the Balfour declaration through to the First Intifadah.
This article deals with the cinematic representation of the city of Tel-Aviv in the last decade, beginning with the end of the first Intifadah in the late 1980s and ending with the outburst of the second Intifadah in 2000.
The second intifadah, which broke out in September 2000, together with the bursting of the global hi tech bubble, was followed by an unprecedented contraction of economic activity in Israel.
Surely, Yasser Arafat's sudden departure from Camp David then followed by the Intifadah underscores that point.
The enemy is engaged in a widespread terrorist campaign much more similar to the Intifadah or the IRA's or ETA's attacks, if more concentrated and destructive.
The intifadah is Palestinian self-determination, and is not a figure of speech.