As a general conclusion we might claim that when the location argument is realized as subject it seems to codify states, as in the case of the intransitive
locative alternations described in section 4.
Thus, Amaral (2015) proposes that BP manner of motion verbs are basically transitive and participate in the middle transitive-intransitive
alternation, since these verbs entail the motion of their internal argument in transitive form and only make the intransitive
one if the subject noun phrase denotes an entity capable of moving on its own.
verbs which appear in the clauses whose subjects undergo changes.
Notice that Levin (1993: 95-96) excludes from the realm of COCs not only semantic cognates, but also all kind of morphological cognates, except for those having exactly the same form as the verb they derive from: "Some basically intransitive
verbs take as their object a noun that is zero-related to the verb--a so-called "cognate object".
Although in past tense the use of intransitive
verb geya "go" in 2(a)makes the subject a Nominative subject and does not allow it to take the ergative marker.
For the photographs containing the intransitive
actions, the subject regions and verb regions contained the body and the hands, which denoted actions respectively.
In the case of the intransitive
members of these pairs of verbs, only one of the two potential conditionals is systematically well-formed: the one in which no vowel is inserted into the consonant cluster preceding the -ik, as in porlik--porlana, whereas in the case of the corresponding transitive verbs, the well-formed version is the one involving an (re)inserted vowel: porol--porolna.
Moreover, data from CHILDES corpora provide extra evidence of the problems that children have with alternating "se", as can be seen with non-anticausative intransitive
verbs in (7), where the clitic is wrongly omitted.
ditransitive, caused motion, resultative, intransitive
motion and conative).
The examples below show first person singular enclitic =nash, as intransitive
subject in example (1), transitive subject in example (2), and object in example (3).
Bradbury and Ross (1990) show a negative correlation between age and transitivity "violations": children display fewer intransitive
choices as they grow older; adults exhibit hardly any.
verbs are conjugated with the auxiliary essere.