artificial insemination

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artificial insemination,

technique involving the artificial injection of sperm-containing semen from a male into a female to cause pregnancy. Artificial insemination is often used in animals to multiply the possible offspring of a prized animal and for the breeding of endangered species. Prepared semen can be preserved for long periods by refrigeration, and it is frequently shipped over great distances.

The method has also been used in humans, when traditional fertilization cannot be achieved (see infertilityinfertility,
inability to conceive or carry a child to delivery. The term is usually limited to situations where the couple has had intercourse regularly for one year without using birth control.
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). It has become a significant issue in recent years, particularly in debates revolving around surrogate motherhood, in which a woman agrees to bear a child for another couple through the use of artificially inseminated sperm from the husband (see surrogate mothersurrogate mother,
a woman who agrees, usually by contract and for a fee, to bear a child for a couple who are childless because the wife is infertile or physically incapable of carrying a developing fetus.
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). Legal issues have arisen in cases where the surrogate mother decides, upon the birth of the baby, that she wants to keep the child for herself. Likewise, there have been debates over the rights of sperm donors. Other debates on the subject have centered around the ethics of artificial insemination among humans, with critics decrying the practice as a perversion of science or pointing to the possible abuse of the process for purposes of eugenicseugenics
, study of human genetics and of methods to improve the inherited characteristics, physical and mental, of the human race. Efforts to improve the human race through bettering housing facilities and other environmental conditions are known as euthenics.
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. See also parent and childparent and child,
legal relationship, created by biological (birth) relationship or by adoption, that confers certain rights and duties on parent and child; in some states the courts have given the nonbiological, nonadoptive partner of a parent standing as a parent in a legal
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.

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artificial insemination

[¦ärd·ə¦fish·əl in‚sem·ə′nā·shən]
(medicine)
A process by which spermatozoa are collected from males and deposited in female genitalia by instruments rather than by natural service.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

artificial insemination

introduction of spermatozoa into the vagina or uterus by means other than sexual union
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
KEYWORDS: Intrauterine insemination, Infertile women, Sexual function, Quality of life, depression.
Delayed timing of intrauterine insemination results in a significantly improved pregnancy rate in female partners of quadriplegic men.
The influence of women age and successfulness of intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles.
When the female partner is HIV-infected and the male partner is not, a discordant couple can undergo autologous sperm intrauterine inseminations to achieve conception without placing the man at risk for infection.
Univariate analysis of biological/clinical variables revealed the presence of secondary infertility, high endometrial thickness, antral follicle number, post wash total motile sperm count and midluteal progesterone levels following intrauterine insemination to be associated with positive pregnancy outcomes (p<0.05 each).
In the second one the aim was to compare the pregnancy rate in infertile women undergoing air/saline-HyCoSy and intrauterine insemination to the pregnancy rate in fertile population.
Although in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) have been widely used to treat infertility women with a relatively higher pregnancy rate, intrauterine insemination (IUI) remains a prevalent procedure as a low-cost and less invasive therapeutic approach for infertile couples.[sup][2],[3],[4] The clinical pregnancy rates (CPRs) of IUI ranged between 10% and 20% per cycle,[sup][5],[6] and large population-based data from the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology showed the delivery rate per cycle was about 9%.[sup][7],[8] However, the management strategy for women with advanced age (older than 35 years, especially than 38 years) still confused clinicians.
The global human reproductive technologies market segmentation is based on product types such as Infertility Drugs - Gonal-F (Recombinant Follitropin Alfa), Follistim AQ (Follitropin Beta), Androgel (Testosterone), Testim (Testosterone), Viagra (Sildenafil Citrate), Cialis (Tadalafil), Levitra/Staxyn (Vardenafil), Infertility Procedure Types - In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT), Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT), Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), Contraceptive Technology, Drugs - Oral Contraceptive Pills, Contraceptive Injectables, Topical Contraceptives, and Devices - Male Contraceptive Devices (Male Condoms), and Female Contraceptive Devices.
The couple who had a civil wedding in 2012, decided to try Intrauterine Insemination cycle (IUI) using donor sperm sourced through Midland Fertility, in Tamworth.

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