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The symbolic absorption into and toward oneself of concepts and feelings generated toward another person or object; motivates irrational behavior toward oneself.



in theory of knowledge, the concept, introduced by the Austrian philosopher R. Avenarius, of the inadmissibility—from his point of view—of the insertion of perceived images into the consciousness of the individual. According to Avenarius, this follows from the inadmissibility of dividing the ideal and the real in general; this view is the result of his basing his philosophy on the concept of experience, dissolving within it the contrast between the spiritual and the material and thus attempting to refute materialism entirely. Criticism of these concepts of experience and introjection is provided by V. I. Lenin in his Materialism and Empiriocriticism (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 18).

In psychology introjection is the individual’s inclusion of other persons’ views, motivations, and purposes in his inner world. It is a basis for identification. Projection is the opposite of introjection. The concept of introjection was introduced by the Hungarian psychoanalyst S. Ferenczi into depth psychology, where it is viewed as a psychological mechanism that plays an important role in the formation of the superego, conscience, and other personality phenomena.

References in periodicals archive ?
Ask it to invite another ego state or an introject into the empty chair that relates directly to its confusion.
The conflicting impulses to introject and to reject, triggered by loss, are triggered simply by surviving, by living on.
By trying to transform her teeth into ideas, Egaeus is attempting to assimilate or to introject them into his own symbolic order; if he were able to take possession of them, rational order could be restored.
That reengagement aesthetically trans-codes a libidinal movement from "Godwin" to "Shelley," which allows Mary Shelley to reemerge as a writing subject by transferring her desire for a "Godwin" she could only introject as corpse, to a "Shelley" no longer abjected as the excessively idealistic Woodville but incorporated into the figure of Euthanasia, the heroine of Valperga.
These two ego-states were introjects that constantly gave negative feedback when the patient had to talk in front of other people and superiors.
Patient and therapist introject, interpersonal process, and differential psychotherapy outcome.
A person will have an introject (internalised impression) of each current friend, will have an introject of a parent or guardian from when the client was 5 years old, and will have a different introject of that same person as he or she is perceived in today's life (if currently living).
A child that does not introject admired qualities, who remains fixated in projective identification, develops a 'pseudo-mature' character structure, Winnicott's "false self.
11) Although the idea of the introject comes from Freud, it was Perls (1947) who noted the difference between taking nourishing material from the outside and assimilating it versus taking material from the outside that is indigestible and therefore unassimilable because it attacks (on a reflective level) what one moves toward on the level of basic need or desire (prereflective level).
The identification of Falstaff with the melancholic cat or of Macbeth with the fierce baited bear allows each character to introject the ontological order of the world in such a way that each is produced as "emotionally justified, ethically naturalized, and humorally subjectified" (145).
Richter's paintings, which treat a portrait, a landscape, or an abstraction as equivalent, introject the camera's horrific indifference to any subject.
Falstaff's identification with a melancholy cat thus "may be self-interested, but it is not sentimental," nor is it merely anthropomorphic projection; instead it serves "to introject the natural, God-given self-sameness of cat melancholy--expressed in flesh and fur and howling--into an emotionally justified, ethically naturalized, and humorally subjectified Falstaff" (121).