A negative correlation was found between enjoyment and amotivation, introjected
regulation and external regulation.
Task orientation had positive significant correlations (p < .05) with intrinsic (r = .56), integrated (r = .29), identified (r = .49), and introjected
(r = .35) regulation (see Table 3).
The authors opted for a four-factorial structure (external, introjected
, identified, and intrinsic) instead of a two-factor solution (internal and external) as a mean to account for the psychological meaningfulness of these categories.
Significant differences were also observed in the goal profiles related to all types of motivation: intrinsic motivation [[F.sub.(3,508) = 32.93, p <001, [[eta].sup.2] = .16], identified regulation [[F.sub.(3,508)] = 24.37, p <001, [[eta].sup.2] = .13], introjected
regulation [[F.sub.(3,508)] = 27.11 p <001, [[eta].sup.2] = .14], extrinsic regulation [[F.sub.(3,508)] = 11.95, p <.001, [[eta].sup.2] = .07], and amotivation [[F.sub.(3,508)] = 4.83, p <01, [[eta].sup.2] = .03].
This dimension includes two types of regulation: the social and material extrinsic regulation; (3) Identified regulation, which refers to the performance of an activity because it identifies with its value or meaning, so that this form of internalization is volatile; (4) Introjected
regulation refers to the regulation of behavior through the internal pressure of forces such as ego-involvement, shame and guilt.
In terms of motivational regulations for physical education classes, the highest score observed was for identified regulation, followed by intrinsic motivation, introjected
regulation, and external regulation, with the lowest result recorded for demotivation.
Thus, the highest correlation values were observed between external and introjected
regulation (r= .50, p < .01) and identified regulation and intrinsic motivation (r = .50, p < .01).
The finding that identified religiosity (not introjected
religiosity) is a predictor of moral reasoning and moral judgments suggests that autonomous internalization plays a large role.
The following formula, informed by Vallerand and colleagues (1997) and Guay and colleagues (2003), was used to calculate the SDI using the seven Academic Motivation Scale subscales: [2*((IM knowledge + IM accomplishment + IM stimulation/3)) + identified regulation ((external regulation + introjected
regulation/2) + 2*amotivation)].
ii) external, introjected
and amotivation will negatively predict dispositional flow and positively predict SPA.
This is congruent with Freud's comments that normal narcissism only becomes abnormally pathological when it is introjected
The least internalized of these is introjected
motivation, or introjection, a motivational state in which behavior is externally regulated by compulsion, avoidance of guilt, or anxiety, and a sense that one "should" or "ought to" complete a behavior (Deci & Ryan, 1995; Koestner & Losier, 2002; Ntoumanis, 2002; Wang & Biddle, 2001).