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The symbolic absorption into and toward oneself of concepts and feelings generated toward another person or object; motivates irrational behavior toward oneself.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in theory of knowledge, the concept, introduced by the Austrian philosopher R. Avenarius, of the inadmissibility—from his point of view—of the insertion of perceived images into the consciousness of the individual. According to Avenarius, this follows from the inadmissibility of dividing the ideal and the real in general; this view is the result of his basing his philosophy on the concept of experience, dissolving within it the contrast between the spiritual and the material and thus attempting to refute materialism entirely. Criticism of these concepts of experience and introjection is provided by V. I. Lenin in his Materialism and Empiriocriticism (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 18).

In psychology introjection is the individual’s inclusion of other persons’ views, motivations, and purposes in his inner world. It is a basis for identification. Projection is the opposite of introjection. The concept of introjection was introduced by the Hungarian psychoanalyst S. Ferenczi into depth psychology, where it is viewed as a psychological mechanism that plays an important role in the formation of the superego, conscience, and other personality phenomena.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Those women whose husbands' performance was a main source of tension adopted strategies such as introjection or silence to reduce or control tensions; their mental pressures increased.
The aforementioned variants of internalized extrinsic motivation (i.e., introjection, identification, and integration) are encompassed by SDT, which suggests that the satisfaction of basic psychological needs for competence, autonomy, and relatedness is necessary for both intrinsic motivation and internalization (which in its fullest form is integration) (e.g., Baumeister & Leary, 1995; Reis, Sheldon, Gable, Roscoe, & Ryan, 2000).
Finally, we calculated Pearson's r to quantify the magnitude and direction of the relationship between subjects' scores for each factor and their scores on the CRIS introjection and identification subscales.
We have already discussed the way that the Interaction Order can be used to explain the actual mechanisms of introjection of the castrating father and the formation of the superego and the ego-ideal.
For Ferenczi, introjection involves multiple, interlocking elements: "extension of autoerotic interests"; "broadening of the ego through the removal of repression"; and, further, the extension of the ego to the external world (ibid, 112).
As summarized by Abraham and Torok, introjection, or "casting aside," is the process in child development by which words come to replace the maternal object.
A person may do sport for extrinsic incentives, such as external regulation, where the motives are to obtain recognition from others, to avoid feelings of guilt that would accompany non-participation (introjection), because they consider the activity important even though they do not necessarily get any enjoyment from it (identification), or because physical activity and sport are considered to be part of a healthy lifestyle (integrated regulation).
Nelle parole di Maria Torok: "A commemorative monument, the incorporated object marks the place, the date, the circumstances in which such-and-such a desire was barred from the introjection: like so many tombs in the life of the Self." (20)
In the Berlin section of his 1963 travelogue Thrilling Cities, he tells us, "From this grim capital went forth the orders that in 1916 killed my father and in 1940 my youngest brother," while in Thunderball we hear that the malevolent Blofeld's charisma "is of the same unbounded kind that alone explains how Hitler could have enthralled 'the most gifted nation in Europe.'" Mourning becomes melancholia, and the process of introjection entails the swallowing whole of losses that cannot be consciously acknowledged.
Extrinsic motivations range from an external to internal locus of causality corresponding with a continuum of regulation representing four areas: external regulation, introjection, identification, and integration.