(redirected from introjections)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.


The symbolic absorption into and toward oneself of concepts and feelings generated toward another person or object; motivates irrational behavior toward oneself.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in theory of knowledge, the concept, introduced by the Austrian philosopher R. Avenarius, of the inadmissibility—from his point of view—of the insertion of perceived images into the consciousness of the individual. According to Avenarius, this follows from the inadmissibility of dividing the ideal and the real in general; this view is the result of his basing his philosophy on the concept of experience, dissolving within it the contrast between the spiritual and the material and thus attempting to refute materialism entirely. Criticism of these concepts of experience and introjection is provided by V. I. Lenin in his Materialism and Empiriocriticism (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 18).

In psychology introjection is the individual’s inclusion of other persons’ views, motivations, and purposes in his inner world. It is a basis for identification. Projection is the opposite of introjection. The concept of introjection was introduced by the Hungarian psychoanalyst S. Ferenczi into depth psychology, where it is viewed as a psychological mechanism that plays an important role in the formation of the superego, conscience, and other personality phenomena.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In short, the excessive projection of and identification with sadistic parts of the self were viewed as necessitating the control and restoration of external objects, while the disproportionate introjection of and identification with destructive objects required the control and restoration of parts of the self.
Although Freud saw successful mourning concluding with the bereaved's eventually moving on to invest his/her object cathexes in another, psychologists such as Abraham and Potok saw mourning more as introjection: the interiorization and assimilation of the lost individual into an inner present.
Introjection is taking in, or making immanent, what originates outside of me.
Incorporation parallels Real experience; introjection the Imaginary; and identification the Symbolic.
"On the Definition of Introjection." Final Contributions to the Problems and Methods of Psycho-Analysis.
as a fantasy of incorporation succeeded by the rite of introjection, a
As a fantasy, incorporation "undoes" introjection by literalizing its metaphor.
She discusses "projection" and "introjection" as two simultaneous aspects of the viewer's gaze: sending-out (projection), and pulling-back information from the text in the opposite direction (introjection) (23).
The ultimate outcome of this process is the completion of the introjection of positive models of mature nurturing which was not completed in childhood due to the unavailability of such a model (Phillips & Frederick, 1995; Frederick & McNeal, 1998).
Miniaturization has its own history, some of which communicates with Deleuze's reading of masochism as a process of miniaturized introjections, or portraits, of the humiliated father.
No poem in Masks demonstrates as clearly as "Sunsum," from which the preceding passage is taken, that the volume is not so much a celebration of origins as a confrontation with history, an excavation of the poet's introjections, laying bare that subterranean area of his Caribbean awareness to which has been consigned its most conflicting affective symbols.
Searles (1965) examines how such introjections may become apparent in the patient's behaviour.