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The symbolic absorption into and toward oneself of concepts and feelings generated toward another person or object; motivates irrational behavior toward oneself.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in theory of knowledge, the concept, introduced by the Austrian philosopher R. Avenarius, of the inadmissibility—from his point of view—of the insertion of perceived images into the consciousness of the individual. According to Avenarius, this follows from the inadmissibility of dividing the ideal and the real in general; this view is the result of his basing his philosophy on the concept of experience, dissolving within it the contrast between the spiritual and the material and thus attempting to refute materialism entirely. Criticism of these concepts of experience and introjection is provided by V. I. Lenin in his Materialism and Empiriocriticism (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 18).

In psychology introjection is the individual’s inclusion of other persons’ views, motivations, and purposes in his inner world. It is a basis for identification. Projection is the opposite of introjection. The concept of introjection was introduced by the Hungarian psychoanalyst S. Ferenczi into depth psychology, where it is viewed as a psychological mechanism that plays an important role in the formation of the superego, conscience, and other personality phenomena.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rina's testimony revealed how her fathers' suffering and the circumstances of his death continued to haunt and distress her: 'My uncle told me that my father was beaten so badly at Buchenwald camp, that he could not work, he stopped eating and got weaker and weaker, and then he died in the mud!' During this account Rina wept for the loss of her father and the loss of his dignity, as well as for her own internal loss of a protective, parental introject. She carried terrible pain knowing that her protector had died in such a defeated way.
And the child then proactively seeks out another non-self presence to neutralize the unwelcome introjects from the abuser: a bodyguard from the circus.
Freud hypothesizes that the introjected parent criticizes the subject's behavior and, like a real parent, threatens to punish him for it.
Instead of being introjected, the object, as Derrida explains, remains immured or encrypted in the ego, as something exterior kept secretly in the interior:
For the abject introjects dialectic as paralysis, rather than incorporating ambivalence into dialectic.
In essence, participatory disaster resilience introjects into neoliberal order, in controlled and artificial form, the agency that already exists as an effect of affective relations that precede and exceed governmental control.
A WISE part was also introjected which could assist the other parts if the need be.
The child's all-good self-representation becomes an ego ideal or persona, the all-bad self-representation becomes a shadow, and the external voice of authority becomes introjected as an internal conscience or superego (commanding, rewarding and punishing itself to attempt to live up to the ego ideal and avoid being abandoned).
The only things the baby introjects are his own projections stripped of meaning: a nameless dread (Bion, 1962, 1967a).
Winnicott's sense of the term: withdrawal from and transcendence of the everyday world in favor of the inner world of sophisticated introjects. The simple, redundant geometrical forms that result from Long's rambles are, however, hardly the stuff of sophistication.
While ego states are physiological neural pathways created over time, Introjects are the internalised impressions we hold of other people as they were perceived at a given point in time.
The third manner reported by Searles (1965) in which the schizophrenic patient introjects the therapist's unconscious feelings is by acting these out in some way.