(redirected from invested)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Idioms.


1. Economics the amount by which the stock of capital (plant, machinery, materials, etc.) in an enterprise or economy changes
2. Biology the outer layer or covering of an organ, part, or organism



the long-term placement of capital in industry, agriculture, transport, or other sectors of the domestic or a foreign economy for the purpose of deriving profits. In bourgeois economics, two kinds of investments are distinguished: financial investments and real investments.

A financial investment is the exchange of capital for stocks, bonds, and other securities issued by corporations or the state. A real investment is the placement of capital into productive fixed capital (buildings, installations, equipment), housing construction, and goods and material supplies in the country itself and abroad. Investments are realized by private corporations and the state. Private investments are directed into sectors of the national economy where the greatest profit can be derived (primarily, industry); state investments are directed into less profitable branches, for example, into the infrastructure (the underlying economic sectors of society, such as education, communications, and transport). Private investments are financed out of internal resources (depreciation deductions and retained profits) and out of other sources enlisted for this purpose: long-term credit and the issuance of securities. The financial sources of state investments are taxes, domestic and foreign loans, the income of state enterprises, and the issue of new money.

The financial operations involving investments are realized through banks (commercial and investment banks) and other financial agencies: savings banks, insurance companies, investment trusts, pension funds, and the like, which contribute to the accumulation of huge funds that belong to the population and that are used in the interests of the financial oligarchy.

The bourgeois economic experts foresee the limits of investments not in capitalist production relations but in technical production conditions and psychological factors. Although it is true that investments create income and expand markets, the antagonistic class relations of capitalist society ultimately restrict growth. The operation of the universal law of capital accumulation leads to a situation in which, because the investments are followed by a rise in the organic structure of capital, the wealth of the capitalists is growing whereas the conditions of life of the working class are deteriorating.


References in periodicals archive ?
Instead Of getting out of the market altogether, she invested a total of $2,500 in Dell Computer (Nasdaq: DELL), Capital Crossing Bank (Nasdaq: CAPX), Novell Software (Nasdaq: NOVL), Intraware Inc.
In August 1999, he sold his AIM Constellation Fund and invested the entire $1,700 in the Van Kampen Technology Fund (VTFAX) at $11 per share.
Although Mack's SEP is fully invested in stocks, she has conservative holdings, too.
To help get the company off the ground, Slater has invested $130,000 so far in seed money, about one-third of which was equity and the rest convertible debt, Sparkman says; its last investment tranche of $30,000 was made in partnership with Cherrystone Angel Group.
Of 108 IHEs reporting investments in real estate, seven have bought properties outright, 27 invested through REITs, and the remaining 74 used private real estate equity funds.
Japanese trading companies have invested in funds all over the world.
Since September, at least three private equity groups have invested or announced plans to invest in health insurers:
Since 1988, LSP's management has invested in over 40 companies, and has contributed to the launch of biotech companies such as Qiagen, Rhein Biotech and Crucell.
The goal is for employees to understand how their retirement money is invested.
A variable annuity has several options for allocating invested funds.
According to Martin's catch-up policy, at least $127 million a year should be invested in knowledge creation for Ontario's mining industry.
In the context of a more healthy economic climate, our objective will be to increase our market share in specific markets, especially in those where we invested last year, such as off-set and coated papers.