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Related to investigation: Criminal Investigation
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in criminal procedure, the elucidation of those circumstances of a criminal case necessary for arriving at the correct decision. Soviet law distinguishes between preliminary and judicial investigation.

Preliminary investigation, a basic form of inquiry, is an important stage in a criminal case. Begun after the initiation of the criminal case, it includes investigatory actions for the purpose of collecting and verifying evidence, presentation of the charges, the selection of a measure of restraint, actions to protect the legal interests of the accused, the victim, the plaintiff, and other participants in the trial, and actions to remove the causes and conditions contributing to the crime. The preliminary investigation comes to an end, within a period established by law, with the drawing up of a bill of indictment or a decree on termination of the case (see also).

Judicial investigation is a stage in the trial, during which a court of the first instance, in formal judicial session, makes a direct investigation of the evidence; that is, it verifies the evidence gathered in the preliminary investigation and inquiry and gathers and verifies additional evidence. Judicial investigation is autonomous; it is a multifaceted and objective analysis—with direct, open, and oral proceedings and equal procedural rights for all participants in the trial—of all the case’s circumstances significant for arriving at a just and legal decision.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A process conducted for the purpose of accident prevention which includes the gathering and analysis of information, the drawing of conclusions, including the determination of causes and, when appropriate, the making of safety recommendations (ICAO).
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
References in periodicals archive ?
The Justice Department (which frequently coordinates its investigations with other Federal agencies) has been an integral force behind many investigations exposing these scandals.
But according to consultant Donald Light of Celent Communications, those investigations could pale in comparison with the potential consequences should the FBI pursue criminal convictions, particularly given the old saw that no financial services firm has ever survived criminal indictment.
It is thus imperative that firms treat any PCAOB investigation with the utmost seriousness.
The subjects of this investigation were drawn from the fourth-, fifth- and sixth- grade populations of a rural elementary school.
The officers from Punjab, Balochistan, Gilgit-Baltistan and other agencies shared their investigation strategies and experience with the participants.
The RPO said due to incomplete investigation in such cases, the people were losing confidence in the police, which was unacceptable for him.
On or near Spon Street - seven (four no suspect identified, two unable to prosecute and one under investigation)
The investigation officer will also ensure transparency while preparing the report without implicating any innocent individual.
The 'Crime Map' section of the website allows you to see how many incident were reported in your area - and even your street if applicable - with a breakdown of types of offences and what stage the investigation is at.
Background investigations are critical to addressing Insider Threat because it is the thorough vetting that occurs during a background investigation that moves an individual from not having access to national security information to having access to our most sensitive information.
The Audit Committee of the Company's Board of Directors has commenced an internal investigation in connection with concerns raised by a former employee.

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