These factors include the lack of micro- and macronutrients, very low pH, which affects the ionic equilibrium
, generation of inhibitory microorganisms, secondary reactions, and inadequate temperature and oxygen concentrations (Teixeira et al., 2009; Zinnai et al., 2013).
When axons are demyelinated, channels between the inside and outside of the axon are exposed, in turn causing disruption in the ionic equilibrium
needed for neural transmission.
Individual chapters discuss spectroscopic methods of analysis, polymer chemistry, general organic chemistry, organic name reactions, stereisomerism, electrochemistry and ionic equilibrium
, chemical kinetics, phase equilibrium, corrosion, water and water treatment, fuels, environmental pollution, advanced theory of chemical bonding, coordination chemistry, solid state chemistry, and experimental chemistry.