Feedlot cattle industry in the United States uses ionophores
as feed additive which act in one or more ways in the animal like improve weight gain, feed efficiency, reduce morbidity, mortality and may act favorably on environment.
Ionomycin, a calcium hydrophobic ionophore
is able to intercalate in the cellular membrane, increasing the [Ca.
Mashhadizadeh, Synthesis and Characterization of N,N -bis(benzophenone imine)formamidine as Ionophores
for Silver-Selective Electrodes, Sens.
Rice, "Bacterial lipopolysaccharide, TNF-[alpha], and calcium ionophore
under serum-free conditions promote rapid dendritic cell-like differentiation in CD14+ monocytes through distinct pathways that activate NF-[kappa]B," Journal of Immunology, vol.
1995), who described 15% reduction in feed intake according to the inclusion of ionophore
additive in the diet.
A similar pellet without ionophore
was administered to the control rams.
Expression of calbindin-D28k in C6 glial cells stabilizes intracellular calcium levels and protects against apoptosis induced by calcium ionophore
and amyloid beta-peptide.
5 [micro]g/mL calcium ionophore
for another 30 min at 37[degrees]C and 5% C[O.
Monensin one of the common ionophore
inhibits cellulolytic bacteria and protozoa; hence fermentations shift from acetate to propionate production.
Effect of phloretin on ionophore
mediated electroneutral transmembrane translocations of [H.
Effects of daily and weekly rotations of lasalocid and monensin plus tylosin compared with continuous feeding of each ionophore
on daily dry matter intake and digesta kinetics.
Lasalocid is a divalent ionophore
compound [1, 25].