ipecacuanha


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ipecacuanha

, ipecac
1. a low-growing South American rubiaceous shrub, Cephaelis ipecacuanha
2. a drug prepared from the dried roots of this plant, used as a purgative and emetic

Ipecacuanha

 

(Cephaëlis ipecacuanha ), a small shrub of the family Rubiaceae, growing wild in Brazil’s tropical rainforests and cultivated in the tropics of both hemispheres. The stem length is 15–40 cm and can be as much as 60 cm. The leaves are opposite; the small flowers are gathered into hemispherical heads; and the roots have beadlike bulges. Ipecacuanha roots (and the roots of C. acuminata, which are similar in chemical composition) contain 2–3 percent alkaloids (emetine, cephaeline, and others) and are used in medicine as an expectorant. They are used to make extracts, water and alcohol infusions, and syrups. In small doses they cause thinning and discharge of phlegm; in large doses they act as an emetic.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
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The effect on in vitro co-cultivation of Cephaelis ipecacuanha, Eclipta alba and Oryza sativa on plant development and yield of emetine, wedeloctane and demethyledelolactona.
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A NUX Vom 30c or ipecacuanha may help with morning sickness, arnica 30c can ease tiredness or soreness, or take it two weeks prior to delivery to aid healing.
14The medical preparation ipecacuanha is made from roots of plants from which continent?
Ipecac, derived from the ipecacuanha root, itself is a poison that can do more harm than good when improperly given, she said.
A sweet-tasting syrup with sugar, honey and glycerol to soothe irritated throats, plus Ipecacuanha - a natural expectorant to relieve coughs.
Patients with such symptoms needed mild laxatives and stimulants such as quinine, camphor, alcohol, turpentine, and ipecacuanha (in small doses) and astringents (silver nitrate, tannic acid, and lead acetate) to rebuild the patient's energy, arrest discharges, and restore humoral balance.
Micrographic references with a light microscope are reported in previous work on the bark of Cinchonae succirubrae (Koch, 1901; Jackson and Snowdon, 1974) and the root of Cephaelis ipecacuanha and Cephaelis acuminata (Jackson and Snowdon, 1974).
If the stool is green and there is accompanying nausea or vomiting, a 30C dose of Ipecacuanha (Brown Ipecac) is the remedy of choice.
In vitro plant regeneration from leaf callus of Cephaelis ipecacuanha A.