ipecacuanha


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ipecacuanha

, ipecac
1. a low-growing South American rubiaceous shrub, Cephaelis ipecacuanha
2. a drug prepared from the dried roots of this plant, used as a purgative and emetic

Ipecacuanha

 

(Cephaëlis ipecacuanha ), a small shrub of the family Rubiaceae, growing wild in Brazil’s tropical rainforests and cultivated in the tropics of both hemispheres. The stem length is 15–40 cm and can be as much as 60 cm. The leaves are opposite; the small flowers are gathered into hemispherical heads; and the roots have beadlike bulges. Ipecacuanha roots (and the roots of C. acuminata, which are similar in chemical composition) contain 2–3 percent alkaloids (emetine, cephaeline, and others) and are used in medicine as an expectorant. They are used to make extracts, water and alcohol infusions, and syrups. In small doses they cause thinning and discharge of phlegm; in large doses they act as an emetic.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
Stimulants, in the form of turpentine emulsion and doses of ipecacuanha, reinforced the weak pulse rate and stimulated blood flow.
Production of the alkaloids emetine and cephaeline in callus cultures of Cephaelis ipecacuanha. Planta Medica.
* Ipecacuanha: After coughing during attack of asthma.
ipecacuanha (Palma e Hidalgo 1993), se observo la formacion de brotes adventicios en segmentos de entrenudos, cuando el medio fue suplementado con 0-0,1 mg [l.sup.-1] de B A y 0,1 mg [l.sup.-1] de Kin.
In the case of "Fennings Little Healers", the medicine contained Ipecacuanha, obtained from the root of a Brazilian plant, and commonly used to bring on vomiting.
Sua economia teve por base a borracha extraida da seringueira (Hevea brasiliensis) e a poaia (Hybanthus ipecacuanha).
Efficient shoot formation on internodal segments and alkaloid formation in the regenerates of Cephalis ipecacuanha. Plant Cell Rep., 9: 567-570
Today Helvetius is chiefly remembered for having popularized the use of ipecacuanha root, the South American plant that formed the key ingredient of his remedy against dysentery.
A colonizacao do municipio de Caceres/MT teve inicio no seculo XVIII a partir do garimpo e da exploracao da poaia (Psychotria ipecacuanha), uma planta nativa do Mato Grosso, possuidora de propriedades medicinais.
Advances in vitro propagation via somatic embryogenesis of Psychotria ipecacuanha (Brot.) Stokes, medicinal plant critically endangered