iron lung


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iron lung,

device used to maintain artificial respirationartificial respiration,
any measure that causes air to flow in and out of a person's lungs when natural breathing is inadequate or ceases, as in respiratory paralysis, drowning, electric shock, choking, gas or smoke inhalation, or poisoning.
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 over an extended period of time. Before the successful vaccination program against poliomyelitis, it was used mostly in treatment of that disease. Currently, its main usage is in cases where the respiration control center of the brain has been damaged (e.g. skull fractures, brain tumors and stroke) or where the diaphragm is paralyzed by spinal cord disease or injury. Invented (1928) by Philip Drinker, the iron lung is composed of a cylindrical steel drum, which encloses the entire body with only the head exposed. A rubber diaphragm makes the cylinder airtight without putting undue pressure on the neck. Pumps raise and lower the pressure within the chamber. A number of problems exist with the iron lung machine; food or vomit may be aspirated into the lungs, and serious skin ulcers may develop in a patient who is immobilized for long periods of time.

iron lung

an airtight metal cylinder enclosing the entire body up to the neck and providing artificial respiration when the respiratory muscles are paralysed, as by poliomyelitis
References in periodicals archive ?
Now Jim is the only polio survivor in Ireland still using an iron lung.
Order Creep, My Iron Lung, Just, Fake Plastic Trees, High and Dry, Street Spirit, Paranoid Android, Karma Police, No Surprises, Pyramid Song, There There at Insound.
We were also at Whitley Hospital where we had to do our training on the iron lung for the polio, TB, isolation etc.
Is there really a guy with an iron lung on the back of a goat dodging the forces of good and right?
She told the Chronicle: "Polio had a massive impact on my life as I used to be a really keen athlete, but when I became ill I was totally paralysed and actually ended up having to go into an iron lung in hospital because all I could move was my eyes.
Therefore,by my calculations -but as I mentioned,my maths ability has always been dubious -if I can make it twice round the park before October without collapsing or crying out for an iron lung,I'll be confident for the big day.
The new type of baby ventilator pioneered by Professor David Southall and his team works on the same principle as the iron lung used 50 years ago.
The full 29 tracks are also available in a four-piece vinyl set or on digital download, and a 21-track DVD featuring favourites such as Creep, My Iron Lung, High & Dry, Street Spirit, Paranoid Android, Karma Police and Pyramid Song.