iron lung


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iron lung,

device used to maintain artificial respirationartificial respiration,
any measure that causes air to flow in and out of a person's lungs when natural breathing is inadequate or ceases, as in respiratory paralysis, drowning, electric shock, choking, gas or smoke inhalation, or poisoning.
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 over an extended period of time. Before the successful vaccination program against poliomyelitis, it was used mostly in treatment of that disease. Currently, its main usage is in cases where the respiration control center of the brain has been damaged (e.g. skull fractures, brain tumors and stroke) or where the diaphragm is paralyzed by spinal cord disease or injury. Invented (1928) by Philip Drinker, the iron lung is composed of a cylindrical steel drum, which encloses the entire body with only the head exposed. A rubber diaphragm makes the cylinder airtight without putting undue pressure on the neck. Pumps raise and lower the pressure within the chamber. A number of problems exist with the iron lung machine; food or vomit may be aspirated into the lungs, and serious skin ulcers may develop in a patient who is immobilized for long periods of time.

iron lung

an airtight metal cylinder enclosing the entire body up to the neck and providing artificial respiration when the respiratory muscles are paralysed, as by poliomyelitis
References in periodicals archive ?
Emerson's iron lung had the patient lay on a bed that could slide in and out of the cylinder, according to the need.
Behind me, you can see a photo of what it looked like when an iron lung was breathing for children who were sealed inside it.
Rating: THE SESSIONS (15) POET and journalist Mark O'Brien (John Hawkes) is paralysed from the neck down and requires an iron lung to breathe.
Rating: || THE SESSIONS (15) POET and journalist Mark O'Brien (John Hawkes) is paralysed from the neck down and requires an iron lung to breathe.
Due to contracting polio as a child, O'Brien was paralyzed from the neck down and depended upon an iron lung, which he could leave for only limited amounts of time.
There are two key things that are part of the legacy of polio that remain important for physiotherapists today--the iron lung and post polio syndrome (PPS).
The film tells the story of a man in an iron lung, played by John Hawkes, who wants to lose his virginity.
THE VERDICT A moving and challenging film that tells the real-life story of poet Mark O'Brien (Hawkes) - who suffered from polio but survived thanks to an iron lung - and his plan to lose his virginity at the age of 38 with the help of sex "surrogate" Cheryl Cohen Greene (Hunt).
She was very proud for having been one of the first in Montana to receive training on the use of the iron lung, vital information she gladly shared.
1928: The first iron lung was used at Boston Children's Hospital.