capacity

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capacity

1. a measure of the electrical output of a piece of apparatus such as a motor, generator, or accumulator
2. Electronics a former name for capacitance
3. Computing
a. the number of words or characters that can be stored in a particular storage device
b. the range of numbers that can be processed in a register
4. the bit rate that a communication channel or other system can carry
5. legal competence
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

capacity

[kə′pas·əd·ē]
(analytical chemistry)
In chromatography, a measurement used in ion-exchange systems to express the adsorption ability of the ion-exchange materials.
(computer science)
(electricity)
(science and technology)
Volume, especially in reference to merchandise or containers thereof.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

capacity

2. The volume contained in a vessel.
3. The maximum or minimum water flow obtainable under given conditions (e.g., specified conditions of pressure, temperature, and velocity).
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

capacity

As it pertains to airports, it is the ability of an airport to handle a given volume of traffic. It is a limit that cannot be exceeded without incurring an operational penalty.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

capacity

(communications)
The maximum possible data transfer rate of a communications channel under ideal conditions. The total capacity of a channel may be shared between several independent data streams using some kind of multiplexing, in which case, each stream's data rate may be limited to a fixed fraction of the total capacity.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

capacity

With regard to computer and information systems, capacity refers to the storage and transaction processing capability of computer systems, the network and/or the datacenter. See capacity-on-demand and storage capacity.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nonenzymatic glycation of transferrin: decrease of iron-binding capacity and increase of oxygen radical production.
The relative importance of other tests in the initial workup of a patient with normochromic, normocytic anemia below the level each physician specified as a trigger for initial investigation (which they reported above) was as follows: stool for occult blood (177 of 189, 94%), blood smear (161 of 184, 87%), reticulocyte count (154 of 1984, 84%), serum iron (136 of 180, 76%), serum iron-binding capacity (117 of 177, 66%), serum folate (97 of 176, 55%), serum B[.sub.12] (94 of 174, 54%), and serum ferritin (92 of 175, 52%).
A test for iron, total iron-binding capacity, percentage saturation of iron-binding capacity, ferritin and soluble transferrin receptor levels will distinguish anemia of chronic disease (ACD) from iron-deficiency anemia (IDA).
Serum total iron, total iron-binding capacity (TIBC), unsaturated iron binding capacity (UIBC), and the percentage saturation of iron-binding capacity were determined by colorimetric assay (ferrozine method; Sigma Diagnostics) as described previously (7).
Transferrin saturation is a function of the serum iron concentration divided by the total iron-binding capacity of the serum.
Third, if the initial enzyme levels are more than two times the upper limit of normal, do a work-up; initial tests for elevated AST/ALT should include a hepatitis B and C panel (ALT levels will wax and wane in hepatitis C), iron and total iron-binding capacity, serum electrophoresis, and serum ceruplasmin.
Transferrin saturation can be calculated from the ratio of serum iron concentration to total iron-binding capacity (TIBC) expressed as a percentage [(serum iron/ TIBC) x 100] or, instead, using the sum of serum iron and unsaturated iron-binding capacity (UIBC): [TIBC.sub.calc] = serum iron + UIBC.
We reported recently that total iron-binding capacity (TIBC) values calculated from serum iron and unsaturated iron-binding capacity (UIBC) values were significantly lower than those obtained by a direct and fully automated TIBC assay (1, 2).
Adding measures of serum iron and total iron-binding capacity will help identify problems in women who are runners.
Total iron-binding capacity (TIBC) indicates the maximum amount of iron needed to saturate plasma or serum transferrin (TRF), which is the primary iron-transport protein (1).
Related tests, including total iron-binding capacity, ferritin, folate levels, and guaiac stool tests, should also be considered.