The monopoly brought the industry, and the rich and powerful ironmasters
, under state control.
recruited skilled and unskilled workers from the ironmaking regions in England.
In the nineteenth century their number incorporated ironmasters
, cottonmasters, brewers, engineers, and even newspaper proprietors.
Surrounding factories in the old ironmasters
district make it inhospitable and bleak.
A final chapter considers the ironmasters
Bolckow and Vaughan were searching for a clean water supply for their boilers as the River Tees water was so polluted, and in 1862 they had bored down 1,200ft when they hit a bed of rock salt 100ft thick.
Merthyr's ironworkers and ironmasters
were also exporting their skills.
The Government is taking applications for the creation of 10 zones nationwide and Middlesbrough's bid will cover two sites - the area around the Boho One digital sector building at Middlehaven, which could host 3,945 jobs, and the historic Ironmasters
land near Riverside Park, which could host another 2,343 workers.
The world's first cast iron bridge was a PR coup for the Darby dynasty, the family of great ironmasters
, echoed today by the fact that it provides the serene focal point for the UNESCO Ironbridge Gorge World Heritage Site.
The site was then sold to ironmasters
Bailey Brothers of South Wales, who built warehouses upon it.
Trouble has been brewing for a long time, and it centres around First North Western's idea of industrial relations, which is based on the Merthyr ironmasters
of the 19th century.
While sales in the private sector were more profitable, many ironmasters
found that military orders kept them afloat when revolution and war had disrupted civilian markets.