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Med any sensation or change in bodily function experienced by a patient that is associated with a particular disease
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an indication of a phenomenon, for example, of a disease. Many types of symptoms are distinguished in medicine. Constitutional symptoms characterize diseases of varying genesis and include weakness and increases in body temperature. Pathognomonic symptoms indicate a definite nosologic form; a stabbing pain in the epigastric region, for example, is typical of a perforating gastric ulcer. Subjective symptoms are only revealed upon questioning the individual, and objective symptoms are readily observable through examination, palpation, percussion, auscultation, and laboratory and instrumental diagnostic methods. Signal symptoms are the precursors of a disease. They include early symptoms, such as chest pains with pneumonia, and late symptoms, such as peritoneal irritation with cholecystitis.

A disease is said to be atypical if its characteristic symptoms are absent from the very beginning; an example of an atypical disease is the painless form of myocardial infarction. Modern therapeutic measures and protective inoculations can substantially alter the symptoms of a disease and even cause them to disappear. Diagnosis and prognosis are based on a knowledge of all of the symptoms of a disease.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A phenomenon of physical or mental disorder or disturbance which leads to complaints on the part of the patient.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In our case, despite recurrent open and transurethral resection, intravesical BCG therapy and chemotherapy, irritative voiding symptoms persisted.
It presents most commonly with irritative voiding symptoms and can be managed effectively with excisional biopsy.
He denied any history of irritative voiding symptoms. He has a medical history of diabetes, dyslipidemia, erectile dysfunction and a 10-pack/year smoking history.
Tissot and colleagues reviewed 600 patient records retrospectively.[sup.8] Of the 600 patients previously diagnosed with IC, 6 (1%) had transitional cell carcinoma as the cause of irritative voiding symptoms. In 1974, Utz and Zincke reported on the long-term follow-up of 486 patients treated for IC and found that 1.3% of 224 women and 23% of 53 men subsequently were shown to have carcinoma in situ.[sup.9]
He also denied penile pain, dysuria, irritative voiding symptoms or any other subjective complaints.
In the more common cases arising in the bladder, patients commonly present with irritative voiding symptoms and hematuria.[sup.1]